The Role of Value Engineering in Government Housing Projects in Developing Countries to Improve Value

Mahmoud Zaki (1), Nermeen Omar (2), Alaa Zoair (3)
(1) Professor, Tanta University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture, Egypt, Egypt,
(2) Professor, Tanta University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture, Egypt, Egypt,
(3) Demonstrator, Tanta University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Architecture, Egypt, Egypt


Government housing projects are among the complex issues facing developing countries’ governments. There have been many attempts to solve problems related to this issue and a lot of effort has been made in this direction. The main problem is lowering the cost of lodging, without sacrificing its quality and the effectiveness by which it fulfills the needs of its occupants. This became possible upon the use of the value engineering technique. Value engineering is an effective tool used to solve problems related to housing, by lowering cost on one hand and sustaining or even ameliorating quality and performance.

The purpose of this study is to try to identify a series of proposed solutions and value indicators and to describe their role in improving value in government housing projects. This process may assist the designer in choosing and managing, value indicators during the creative phase, using references from the literature and the analysis of case studies.

The literature review identified the reasons for high costs and poor performance, which are often a result of a misunderstanding of the fundamental principles of design criteria and value indicators, followed in government housing projects. The review also pinpointed the most important considerations that improve value.

Results obtained in this study feature the positive effects of methods under the umbrella of value engineering, applied in government housing projects. It was found that savings of 15% to 40% can be achieved in the total cost of a certain project, using this technique. Generating ideas in the creative phase is one of the most important stages in value engineering studies. A set of value indicators and proposed solutions in the form of a checklist were derived and can be used in the future, during the creative phase of value engineering studies in the initial design stage of government housing projects.

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Mahmoud Zaki
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Nermeen Omar
Alaa Zoair
Zaki, M., Omar, N., & Zoair, A. (2021). The Role of Value Engineering in Government Housing Projects in Developing Countries to Improve Value. Environmental Science & Sustainable Development, 6(2), 01–10.

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