This study discusses the issue of The relationship between the physical environment and the behavior of its inhabitants, in the traditional cities (The Old City of alquds) . It analyses the effects that results from that particularphysical environment , on the different aspects of the lives of it's people , as well as their interactive influence and change on the features of the environment within which they are living, to adapt to their different needs , in this rapidly changing era of technological revolution , in order to understand how does that old urban fabric - which was originally formed as reflection and translation to a past culture – emphasize utilizing the knowledge of human behaviour while designing the built environments and it also discusses the role of architects in the psychological space design and formation of appropriate and inappropriate behavioral patterns by them.
This study aims mainly to shed light on the housing in the Old City of alquds, in particular - which has shown continues decline in it's standards and requirements of living - for the functional , social, educational psychological and health aspects of the population , in order to determine the extent to which the influence between the population
and the physical environment does exists, through the analysis of the specific architectural style, of the housing environment, with its particular formation, elements and , characteristics, on the people's traditions, values, social relations, The study leads to the conclusion that ; the existing situation of the residential environment, in old city, had lost much of its cultural values, that forms the linking joint between the cultural and social identity of the inhabitants, and the architectural style of the physical fabric of housing . Also that the reality of its existing situation has a negative impact on residents' characteristics, and on their different life issues, while sometimes keeping part of the original features, The study recommends that upgrading housing use within the old city in Alquds, is one of the most important factors, not only to save the old city alive, but also to revive the cultural values associated with the our cultural heritage and national identity , that could be achieved by applying various programs among people to support them , promote their living conditions, raise their awareness , and strengthen their national affiliation , that will also lead to arresting the decline in the historic monuments which are closely linked not only to the people own civilization but also to their historic rights in this land .
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