Synergistic Urban Improvement: Case Study of Hikifune Neighbourhood in Tokyo

Kalina Vankova (1) , Hitoshi Nakamura (2) , Gesa Witthöft (3)
(1) MSc, Faculty for Architecture and Planning, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria , Austria
(2) Prof. Dr., Department of Planning, Architecture and Environmental Systems, College of Systems Engineering and Science, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama-shi, Saitama 337-8570, Japan , Japan
(3) DI. Dr.-Ing., Sen. Sc., Department of Spatial Planning, Centre of Sociology, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria , Austria


This paper proposes the synergistic method as an alternative approach that embraces urban complexity and reverses it to a set of mutually reinforcing improvement strategies. After illustrating the general idea of synergistic improvement by examining the correlation among a number of urban issues, this paper uses the case study to explore this inter-connectivity in further details. Hikifune in Tokyo was selected as a case study because of its distinct atmosphere, historical background, and fragility in terms of demographics, natural hazards, and economics. Relevant literature, along with the empirical and statistical data, is the primary method used in this research. Relying on the discovered findings, the conclusion returns the discussion to the necessity for a synergistic improvement.

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Kalina Vankova (Primary Contact)
Hitoshi Nakamura
Gesa Witthöft
Vankova, K., Nakamura, H., & Witthöft, G. (2018). Synergistic Urban Improvement: Case Study of Hikifune Neighbourhood in Tokyo. Environmental Science & Sustainable Development, 3(2), 75–88.

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