Architectural Environmental Compatibility as an Approach to Conserve the Identity of Heritage Cities in Egypt Case Study: Rosetta City

Mai Wahba Mohamed Madkour
Heritage is considered to be cultural wealth representing people’s values, ideas, beliefs, customs, and traditions, and since heritage represents the nation's identity, it has its originality and maintains it. Egypt is one of the richest countries with the cities of cultural value. This abundance has created the problem of conservation that wealth and highlighting the artistic and historical aspects of the cities that face a lot of neglecting and abusing. At the same time of reforming and conservation, this wealth requires very high significant potential.
The Egyptian heritage suffers from many problems such as economic, political, cultural, and social reality, including the associated concepts of conservation operations.
This research aims to study the effect of environmental compatibility on conservation of the identity and the sustainability of the heritage cities through:
  •  Monitoring the value and importance of heritage cities in Egypt.
  • Reviewing the environmental directions and various approaches to dealing with architectural heritage and emphasizing the importance of improving the environmental effect in order to conserve the identity and sustainability of heritage cities.
  • This research focuses on studying the identity of Rosetta city, its urban and architectural development through history. It also focuses on studying the strategies in the process of rehabilitation and reuse of its buildings, taking into consideration the environmental influence of the buildings of heritage value.
  • Studying the environmental compliance of the rehabilitated buildings of heritage value in terms of the efficiency of internal environment and the efficiency of environmental suitability.

The conclusion drawn from this research suggests an important relationship between Heritage cities identity and sustainability behavior which is suggested for future research.


Environmental Compatibility, Heritage Cities, City Identity, Sustainability


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