Correction: Study of Public Space Use and Design based on Japanese and Foreign Perceptions

Dini Hardilla (1), Bart J. Dewancker (2)
(1) Doctoral Student, Graduate School of Environmental Engineering, University of Kitakyushu, Japan , Japan,
(2) Profeessor, Department of Architecture, University of Kitakyushu, Japan, Japan


Public space will be studied regarding history, use, and the evolution of urban space. Through culture, architecture, and behavior, this paper investigates how Japanese and foreigners use public space. Foreigners use open spaces such as neighborhood parks more frequently than Japanese people, who consider space sacred and private. Because of this study, urban space will be analyzed from the perspective of Japanese culture and customs as well as foreign culture to qualify the precise meaning of space, urban space, and cultural space, within the context of diverse conditions and ethnicities. Residents who frequently use neighborhood parks recognize that foreigners are more welcome and that spatial accessibility contributes to the creation of a unifying space in their neighborhoods. Understanding cultural views and ethnic behavior is critical to the design and implementation of effective and creative urban spaces.

Correction: Ethics approval has been updated and PDF was also updated.

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Dini Hardilla
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Bart J. Dewancker
Hardilla, D., & Dewancker, B. (2023). Correction: Study of Public Space Use and Design based on Japanese and Foreign Perceptions. Environmental Science & Sustainable Development, 8(4), 27–35. (Original work published September 30, 2023)

Article Details

Received 2023-08-06
Accepted 2023-09-14
Published 2023-12-05