Implementing Environmental Management Systems (EMS) In Sarawak: Adoption Factors
Keywords:Implementation Motivation, Role of Top Management, Management Support, Current Market Orientation.
AbstractIn most organizations, Environmental Management Systems (EMS) adoption is based on voluntary basis; in which the adoption depends on the organization’s aspirations for better environmental performance. Organizations are attracted by very practical benefits through implementation of EMS in their organizations. The primary purpose of an EMS implementation is to improve environmental performance continually in an organization. This research investigates the factors that drive the adoption of EMS by organizations in Sarawak. Empirical findings of a survey on the above in Sarawak organizations are presented. About 112 survey questionnaires invitations were forwarded to various organizations in Sarawak and a total of 47 responses (about 42.0%) were received, Walford (1995) in his assertion said that sampling techniques require 10 percent or more of observations or sampling fractions so that they are to be considered as a representative of the total population. From this research, organizations which have implemented an EMS are mostly from larger organizations in Sarawak which have been established for more than 15 years with over 251 employees and more than one operating location. The results showed that ISO 14001 is the most common EMS frameworks adopted by organizations in Sarawak; followed by Round-table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Among the EMS adoption factors in Sarawak, EMS implementation motivation and the role of top management are the most critical factors in EMS adoption in Sarawak. Besides, management support is also another essential factor for EMS adoption among Sarawak organizations; followed by current market orientation factor..
AZZONE, G., NOCI, G., MANZINI, R., WELFORD, R. and YOUNG, C.W. (1996). Defining Environmental Performance Indicators: An Integrated Framework. Business Strategy and the Environment, 5(2), pp. 69-80.
AZZONE, G., BIANCHI, R. and NOCI, G. (1997) Implementing environmental certification in Italy: managerial and competitive
implications for firms. Eco-Management and Auditing, 4(3), pp. 98-108.
BHATTACHARYYA, A. and CUMMINGS, L. (2015) Measuring Corporate Environmental Performance – Stakeholder Engagement Evaluation. Business Strategy and the Environment, 24(5), pp. 309-325.
CHIN, K.S. (1999) Factors Influencing ISO 14000 Implementation in Printed Circuit Board Manufacturing Industry in Hong Kong. of Environmental Planning and Management, 42 (1), pp. 123-134.
CORBETT, C. J. and RUSSO, M. V. (2001) The Impact of ISO 14001. ISO Management Systems, (December 2001), pp. 23 – 29.
DAFT R.L. and MACINTOSH N.B. (1984) The nature and use of formal control systems for management control and strategy implementation. Journal of management, 10(1), pp. 43-46.
DARNALL, N., D.R. GALLAGHER, R.N.L. ANDREW and D. AMARAL. (2000) Environmental management systems: Opportunities for improve environmental and business strategy? Environment Quality Management, 9(2), pp. 107-115.
DEPARTMENT OF STANDARDS MALAYSIA (DSM) (2015) Accreditation [WWW] Department of Standards Malaysia. Available from: http://www.jsm.gov.my/accreditation#.V1VOMPl97IU [Accessed 19/12/15].
DÖGL, C. and BEHNAM, M. (2015) Environmentally Sustainable Development through Stakeholder Engagement in Developed and Emerging Countries. Business Strategy and the Environment, 24(6), pp. 583-600.
FRYXELL, G.E., LO, C.W. and CHUNG, S.S. (2004) Influence of motivations for seeking ISO 14001 certification on perceptions of EMS effectiveness in China. Environmental Management, 33(2), pp. 239-251.
GOVINDARAJULU, N. and DAILY, B. F. (2004) Motivating employees for environmental improvement. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 104(4), pp. 364-372.
HO, L.L. and LAW, P.L. (2015) Impact of Implementation of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems on Environmental Performance: A Case Study. International Journal of Engineering Research and Science & Technology, 4(1), pp. 80-90.
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (2014) ISO 14001 Continual Improvement Survey 2013: Executive Summary. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.
KLASSEN R.D. (1993) The integration of environmental issues into manufacturing: toward an interactive open-systems model. Production and Inventory Management Journal, 34(1), pp. 82-88.
MAIER, S. & VANSTONE, K. (2005) Do good environmental management systems lead to good environmental performance? London: Ethical Investment Research Services (EIRIS)
MARAMBANYIKA, T. and MUTEKWA, T. (2009) Effectiveness of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems in Enhancing Corporate Environmental Sustainability at Unilever South East Africa in Harare, Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 11(1), pp. 280-297.
NUNNALLY, J.C. and BERNSTEIN, I.H. (1994) Psychometric theory, Issue 972. McGraw-Hill, pp. 94.
RANDALL, R. (1995) Randall’s Practical Guide to ISO 9000: Implementation, Registration and Beyond. Addison Wesley: Reading, MA.
RIVERA-CAMINO, J. (2001) What motivates European firms to adopt environmental management systems? Eco-Management and Auditing, 8(3), pp. 134–143.
RUSSO, M.V. and FOUTS, P.A. (1997) A resource based structure on corporate environmental performance and profitability. Academy of Management Journal, 40(3), pp. 534-559.
SCHMIDHEINY, S. (1992) Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and the Environment. MIT Press.
SCOTT, P. (2003) Management systems and sustainable development. ISO Management Systems, September – October 2003, pp. 27-32.
STONE, G., JOSEPH, M. and BLODGETT, J. (2004) Toward the creation of an eco-oriented corporate culture: a proposed model of internal and external antecedents leading to industrial firm eco-orientation. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 19(1), pp. 68-84.
SIRIM QAS INTERNATIONAL SDN. BHD. (2015) Malaysian Certified. [WWW] SIRIM QAS. Available from: http://www.malaysiancertified.com.my/MgmtCertification.aspx. [Accessed 17/12/15].
URBAN G.L. and STAR S.H. (1991) Advanced Marketing Strategy. Prentice-Hall College: Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (2016) Learn About Environmental Management Systems. [WWW] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available from: https://www.epa.gov/ems/learn-about-environmental-management-systems [Accessed 27/07/16].
WALFORD, N. (1995) Geographical Data Analysis. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
WORLD COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT (1987) Our Common Future. New York: Oxford University Press.
YIRIDOE, E.K., CLARK, J.S., MARETT, G.E., GORDON, R. and DUINKER, P. (2003) ISO 14001 EMS Standard Registration Decisions Among Canadian Organizations. Agribusiness, 19(4), pp. 493-457.
How to Cite
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- The Work is the Author's original work;
- The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- The Work has not previously been published;
- The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.