Reducing Energy Consumption Strategies in University Buildings in Egypt

Amal Ahmed Abdou, Iman Osama Abd El Gwad, Ayman Alsayed Altaher Mahmoud
Egyptian universities had the most powerful buildings that encourage sustainable development. Sustaining university buildings had been the main concern, thus the development focused on different aspects (social, sociological, bio-life, physical, healthy surroundings, etc.). In recent times, the main problem facing university buildings has been the high consumption of energy despite the low performance. This problem affected the interior areas and spaces used by the majority of students. The issue hindered the learning environment—which should be designed to facilitate high academic performance—from achieving its purpose.
Fixing the problem required finding the errors applied in the planning policy, in
order to integrate low energy consumption with high performance. This paper
analyzes the design strategy, low energy design strategy, and its analysis systems in order to integrate them with the analysis of four case studies in comparative methodology. This approach helps in achieving effective observation to implement principles, policy, criteria, and strategies. The method of the paper shall help with coming up with an efficient vision to create the integrated design strategy for constructing university buildings in Egypt. The solution is characterized by low-cost energy consumption that is applicable to the conditions in Egypt and is in synchronization with sustainability as a whole vision.

References

- Ahmadi, F. (2003). Sustainable Architecture. Journal of architecture and Urbanism.

- Jowdat, M. (2002). Education of Climatic Architecture. Journal of Iranian Architectural Studies.

- Littman, J. (2009). Littman, Regenerative Architecture: A Pathway beyond Sustainability, (Master's thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amherst).

- Pérez-Lombard, L., Ortiz, J., Maestre, R. & Coronel, J.F. (2012), Constructing HVAC energy efficiency indicators, Energy and Buildings magazine.

- Stavropoulos, T. G., Gottis, K., Vrakas, D., & Vlahavas, I. (2013). AWESoME: A web service middleware for ambient intelligence. Expert Systems with Applications,40(11), 4380-4392. doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2013.01.061.

- Hardy, M. (2010). The 12 Principles of Traditional Building. Oxford University.

- Cole, R. J. (2012). Transitioning from green to regenerative design. Building

Research & Information, 40(1).

- Roderick, Y., McEwan, D., Wheatley, C., & Alonso, C. (2009, July). Comparison of energy performance assessment between LEED, BREEAM and Green Star. In Eleventh International IBPSA Conference.

- Osmond, P. (2013). Greening universities toolkit: Transforming universities into green and sustainable campuses. United Nations Environment Programme.

- 2016 list of zero net energy buildings [PDF]. (2016). New Building Institute.

- Green metric report. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2017, from http://greenmetric.ui.ac.id/

- University projects. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2017, from https://www.usgbc.org/projects

- Masdar campuses. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2017, from https://www.masdar.ac.ae/campus

Copyright (c) 2018 Amal Ahmed Abdou, Iman Osama Abd El Gwad, Ayman Alsayed Altaher Mahmoud Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.