Sustainable Neighborhoods in Arab world; a Path Towards Sustainability
Keywords:Sustainability, Sustainable Neighbourhood, Arab World
AbstractIn the last years, the world has jumped rapidly towards more urbanisation, and for the first time in the history in 2008 urban population exceeded the rural population. By 2050, it is expected that two-thirds of the world population will live in urban areas. As a result of this rapid urbanisation worldwide, Sustainable Neighbourhoods SN emerged as a significant formation of cities that help in achieving sustainable development. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development included this sustainability aim through the Sustainable Development Goal 11. This goal aims to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.”The Sustainable City in Dubai is located in the United Arab Emirates, the development and construction started in 2014, and 95% of the site was completed in mid of 2016. The development of the Sustainable City shows that the occupation residents will have many incentives to buy a villa and live in the city such as free rooftop solar systems, open landscaped gardens, free Green Star rated home appliances, zero net maintenance fees, and zero net service charges. Additionally, the sustainable city in Dubai is an educational hub for sustainable design. It sponsored many students through its agreements with different universities and research labs. This research aims to understand the case of the sustainable city in Dubai as an Example of SN in the Arab world. The research will start with a literature review that identifies all related terminologies to SN, besides a comprehensive analysis of some fundamental principles of SN design. A case study analysis will be done including; site visit, and applying one of the principles of SN on the sustainable city in Dubai to understand and explore the sustainability principles in it.
Al Hagla, K. (2008), Towards A Sustainable Neighborhood: The Role of Open Spaces. International Journal of Architectural Research
Banani, R., (2011), A sustainable assessment method for non-residential buildings in Saudi Arabia: Development of Criteria, PhD the school of construction, management and Engineering, University of Reading.
Blum, A. and Grant, M., (2006), Sustainable neighbourhoods: Assessment tools for renovation and development, Journal of International Research Publications, Present Online, Issue Ecology, Vol 1, p35-52 ISBN/ISSN: 1311-8978.
Congress for the New Urbanism, (2014), Natural Resources Defense Council, and the U.S. Green Building Council, LEED 2009 for Neighborhood Development, Green Building Council, USA
Diamond, (2017), [online], retrieved from; http://www.thesustainablecity.ae/assets/pdf/factsheet.pdf
Duxbury, N. (2001), Exploring the role of arts and culture in sustainable urban development, [online], Table d’Hote on Building Sustainable Communities: Culture and Social Cohesion, Retrieved from; http://www.cultureandcommunities.ca/downloads/Duxbury-urban-sustainability-2001.pdf
Emas, R. (2015), The Concept of Sustainable Development: Definition and Defining Principles, Global
Sustainable Development Report, Edition Advance Unedited Version.
Fitani, K., (2016), Sustainable Socio-Cultural Guidelines for Neighborhood Design in Jeddah, MSC, Effat
James, P Magee. L., Scerri, A., and Steger, M., (2015), Urban Sustainability in theory and practice, Circles
of Sustainability, Routledge. [online], retrieved from; http://www.circlesofsustainability.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Ch-08-Circles-Questionnaire-2015.pdf
Kuhlman. T, Farrington, J. (2010), What is Sustainability?, Sustainable Future, issue 2, page 2, 3436-3448.
LEED-ND. (2009), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Neighbourhood Development. U.S. Green Building Council.
Loser, C. (2013), Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design: A True Sustainable Development Model, B.S., University of Maryland.
Packalen, S. (2010), “Culture and sustainability, Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management Corp. Soc. Responsib.Environ. Mgmt”, Vol. 17, pp 118–121.
Nurse, K. (2006), Culture as the Fourth Pillar of Sustainable Development, [online], Commonwealth Secretariat Malborough House Pall Mall London, http://www.fao.org/sard/common/ecg/2785/en/Cultureas4thPillarSD.pdf
QSAS. (2010), Qatar Sustainability Assessment System. Qatar, Gulf Organizatio
UN-Habitat. (2014), A new strategy of sustainable neighbourhood planning: Five Principles, Discussion Note 3, Urban Planning. [online], Retrieved from; https://unhabitat.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/5-Principles web.pdf
Weiland, U. (2006), Sustainability Indicators and Sustainable Development, Global Change: Urbanization and Health pp 241-250, China Meteorological Press, Beijing.
How to Cite
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- The Work is the Author's original work;
- The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- The Work has not previously been published;
- The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.