English Influences in Urban Fabric Patterns of Baghdad City

Shatha A. Alamiri, Mustafa Abdul Jalil, Doaa M. Alzubaidy
Appeared in the thirties of the last century and because of the presence of the English and the expansion of the city of Baghdad residential neighborhoods such as (Salhiya,Waziriya, Ayawadiyah, Batawi) in the suburbs of Baghdad carried a modern style that is different from the traditional pattern in the distribution of space .
The presence of the English has a clear impact on the appearance and changing patterns of the traditional urban fabric in the city of Baghdad, especially those that were established during their presence in the region. Therefore, the research aims to identify the characteristics that characterized the modern style in the urban fabric of the modern Baghdad revival, which was established after the entry of the English, especially the Salhia region. It is also aimed to know the relationship of this pattern to the traditional style of the old neighborhoods revolving, the reasons for this transformation in the pattern, whether cultural, social or economic, etc. and the impact of these modern patterns in the identity of the city and the latest method of preservation and investment . The hypothesis of the research is that there is a gradual shift in the pattern of urban fabric from the traditional to the modern which appeared in some neighborhoods in Baghdad, and that the presence of the English in the region has a clear effect of this transformation. In order to address the research problem of the lack of clarity of knowledge studied and dealt with the transformation in the pattern of urban fabric of some neighborhoods in the city of Baghdad, the effects of the English occupation, the research developed his plan by an analytical study of the chronological sequence of the emergence of the study area and morphological analysis of the factors behind this change, how to diagnose transitions in the schematic pattern of their traditional tissue through their holistic calendar, and the appearance of the architectural style of the Salhia in this architectural form.

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