Sustainable Architectural Design Education: An Improved Experimental Method in a 3rd Year Design Studio

Supplementary Files

Sustainable Architectural Design Education: An Improved Experimental Method in a 3rd Year Design Studio


Architectural education
Design studio pedagogy

How to Cite

Mohamed, K. E. (2020). Sustainable Architectural Design Education: An Improved Experimental Method in a 3rd Year Design Studio. The Academic Research Community Publication, 4(1), 64–74.


The design studio is a unique class format within the architectural curriculum education, in which learning is based on student-instructor interaction and learning by experiences while architectural design is the collective of knowledge and skills to accomplish a unique expectation of a product. Sustainable design has been incorporated into many architecture curriculum education programs but there has been lack of merging in design studio project. This study introduces an improved method of the first experimental Sustainable Architectural Design Studio (SADS) with restructured teaching tools for integrating sustainability principles in design studio along with the studio outcome. In additional, it presents the evaluation and the assessment of the improved method as well as the finding along with the recommendations for the future experimental.


Altomonte, S., Reimer, H., Rutherford, P., & Wilson, R. (2014). Towards Education for Sustainability in University Curricula and in the Practice of Design'. In Proceedings of the Sustainable Architecture for a Renewable Future, Munich, Germany.

Altomonte, S., Rutherford, P., & Wilson, R. (2014). Mapping the way forward: Education for sustainability in architecture and urban design. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 21(3), 143-154. doi:10.1002/csr.1311

Anderson, N. M. (2012). Public Interest Design: A Vehicle for Change in Architectural Education and Practice. In Proceedings of the 2012 ACSA International Conference, Barcelona, Spain.

Attoe, W., & Mugerauer, R. (1991). Excellent studio teaching in architecture. Studies in Higher Education, 16(1), 41-50.

Carlhian, J. P. (1979). The Ecole des Beaux-Arts: modes and manners. Journal of Architectural Education, 33(2), 7-17.

Chickering, A. W., & Gamson, Z. F. (1987). Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. AAHE bulletin, 3, 7.

Paker Kahvecioğlu, N. (2007). Architectural design studio organization and creativity. A| Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, 4(2), 6-26.

Kurt, S. (2012). Applying Constructivist Instruction Method to the Basic Design Course. International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 5(5), 253-262.

Lofthouse, N. (2013). The changing nature of architectural education. MA, Development and Emergency Practice, Oxford Brookes University.

Mohamed, K. E., & Durmuş Arsan, Z. (2016). BIF Ideas for Bornova: Municipality of Bornova Culture Centre Design Project / BIF Bornova için Fikirler: Bornova Belediyesi Kültür Merkezi Tasarım Projesi (Vol. 2). Izmir, Turkey: Bornova Municipality.

Mohamed, K. E., & Özkan, S. T. E. (2018). Sustainable architectural design education: A pilot study in a 3rd year studio. The Academic Research Community publication, 2(3), 126-135.

Mohamed, K. E., & Elias-Ozkan, S. T. (2019). Incorporating Sustainability Principles into Architectural Design Education: Results of an Experimental Design Studio. Journal of Green Building, 14(3), 143-158.

Nikolic, D., Messner, J. I., Lee, S., & Anumba, C. (2010, June). The virtual construction simulator-development of an educational simulation game. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering. University of Nottingham..

Oxman, R. (1999). Educating the designerly thinker. design Studies, 20(2), 105-122. doi: 10.1016/S0142-694X(98)00029-5

Pernice, K. (2013). Charrettes (Design Sketching): Half Inspiration, Half Buy-In. Nielsen Norman Group, Retrieved from

Sarhan, A., & Rutherford, P. (2014, September). Integrating sustainability in the architectural design education process-taxonomy of challenges and guidelines. In Fusion-Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference. (pp. 323-332).

Taleghani, M., Ansari, H. R., & Jennings, P. (2011). Sustainability in architectural education: A comparison of Iran and Australia. Renewable energy, 36(7), 2021-2025. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.11.024

Tommerup, H., Rose, J., & Svendsen, S. (2007). Energy-efficient houses built according to the energy performance requirements introduced in Denmark in 2006. Energy and Buildings, 39(10), 1123-1130. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2006.12.011

UNESCO. (2011). UIA/UNESCO Charter for Architectural Education. Retrieved from

United-Nations. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitford, F. (Ed.). (1993). The Buhaus: Masters & Students by Themselves. Overlook Press.

Wood, E. J. (2004). Problem-based learning: Exploiting knowledge of how people learn to promote effective learning. Bioscience education, 3(1), 192-194.

Yu, F. D. (2014). Impact of digital technology on Architectural Design Teaching. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 989, pp. 5390-5393). Trans Tech Publications Ltd.

 Creative Commons License

  • The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
  • Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;

With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.

  • The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
  • Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
  • The Author represents and warrants that:
  • The Work is the Author's original work;
  • The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
  • The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
  • The Work has not previously been published;
  • The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
  • The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
  • The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.