AbstractNowadays, not only in Egypt but also globally, the job for life is no longer the norm. For this reason innovation became a must; not just a luxury or something that people or countries can deal with as a source of boasting or showing. Thus, and in order to promote sustainability concept through innovation, sustainability, and social entrepreneurship, this paper suggests some recommendations and introduces some solutions which can help in achieving and getting the most possible outputs and deliverable from the challenges are faced every day. It also proposes a new concept regarding the social entrepreneurship, social problems and development projects; e.g. infrastructure issues. The concept assumes that we have to go through three different ways in parallel when solving our pressing problems. These ways include the benefit from: our previous experiences, others’ successful applied projects, and the continuous follow-up of new technologies under development. Also, it addresses how those three elements can be connected in a sustainable way which ensures the sustainability and the effectiveness of improving them at the same time. In addition, it gives one or more examples in each channel to clarify the situation. Besides, the paper introduces some recommendations such as launching innovation & social entrepreneurship hubs, holding conferences & competitions and supporting R&D projects in order to promote our situation and consolidate our experiences.
PricewaterhouseCoopers. (2011). Workforce of the future - The competing forces shaping 2030. Retrieved from https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/services/people-organisation/publications/workforce-of-the-future.html
Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA).(2017).Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Global Report 2016/17. Retrieved from https://www.gemconsortium.org/report
Schwartzstein, P. (2017, March 25). Forget ISIS, Egypt’s population boom is its biggest threat. Retrieved
Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. Egypt’s waste management report.
Available: https://www.env.go.jp/earth/coop/coop/c report/egypt h16/english/pdf/021.pdf [last accessed: 24 August 2017]
Abu-Rish, Z. (2015). Garbage Politics. Middle East Research and Information Project: Critical Coverage of the Middle East Since 1971,277. Retrieved from https://merip.org/2016/03/garbage-politics/.
The Government of Western Australia, Department of Environment and Conservation.(2011). Litter - How long does it take to breakdown?.
World Economic Forum.(2016).The New Plastics Economy Rethinking the future of plastics.
S. Greiss, Y. Sawiris, S. El Haggar, S. Mourad & Y. Negm. (2007). Recycling the Rejects of the Rejects; Protection of the Environment and Poverty Alleviation by Job Creation to Youth.
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. (2015). Plastic Waste Management Rules. Retrieved from http://www.moef.nic.in/sites/default/files/Plastic_Waste_Management_Rules_2015-forPrintedversion.pdf
K K Plastic Waste Management Ltd. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.kkplasticroads.in/
Maillet, R. (2017). Liters of Light: Engineering a New Soda Bottle Solar Light Rachel Maillet Massachusetts Academy of Math and Science.
Mishra, A., Gupta, A., Mandal, A., & Singh, A. (2016). ZERO ELECTRICITY AIR CONDITIONING
USING PHASE CHANGING MATERIALS. Thermal Engineering (IJTE),4(1), 10-14.
Anon.(2015). The Zero Electricity Air-Cooler created in Bangladesh.
Virkkala, I. (2017). Building with bottles - the basics. Building Trust International.
KWS, WAVIN AND TOTAL. 20.10.2016. Press Release.
[last accessed: 18 August 2017]
A revolution in building roads. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.plasticroad.eu/en/
WHO(2013).Health effects of particulate matter.
Ghoneim, M. (2015). Literacy and Adult Education in Egypt: Achievements and Challenges. American
Journal of Educational Research,3(7), 793-799. doi:10.12691/education-3-7-1
Education for All by 2015. Will we make it? (2007). Retrieved from https://en.unesco.org/gem-report/report/2008/education-all-2015-will-we-make-it
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- The Work is the Author's original work;
- The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- The Work has not previously been published;
- The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.