Palestine Hotel in the Old City of Hebron, Between Modernity and Traditional Dwelling Architecture During the 19th-20th Century

Wisam H. Shaded (1)
(1) Assistant Professor, Interior Architecture, Palestine Polytechnic University, Palestine, Palestine, State of


This paper delves into the cultural, architectural, and aesthetic transformations in traditional Palestinian dwellings during the transition from the 19th to the 20th century. The chosen timeframe holds immense significance as it witnessed a profound shift in Palestinian systems, legislation, and housing patterns, including alterations in housing infrastructure. The study identifies pivotal turning points in Palestine attributed to European Western missions and Zionist migration, resulting in the introduction of concrete housing and its discernible influence on traditional Palestinian building structures. In particular, the focus is placed on the Palestine Hotel, situated in Hebron's historic Old City and constructed in the early 1900s. This hotel serves as a compelling example of the coexistence and mutual influence of modernity and traditional architecture. The hybrid design of the hotel reflects the intricate relationship between Western-style modernity and traditional Palestinian architectural elements. Employing an analytical and documentary methodology, this paper recommends several measures, including the preservation of cultural assets due to their profound impact on future generations and the safeguarding of our civilizational and cultural heritage.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Ghadban, S. (2008). Studies in Palestinian Architecture, Al-Quds University Abu Dies. Unpublished research.

Al-Ju'beh, N. (2019, January 22). Architecture as a Source for Historical Documentation: The Use of Palestine's Built Heritage as a Research Tool Abwein, Ramallah Governorate.Source: © Riwaq Photo Archive.

Al-Ju'beh, N., & others. (2007). Old Hebron: The Charm of a City and Historical Architecture. Hebron Reconstruction Committee.

Tamari, S. (2012, Summer). Umm al-Gharib, town planning and the development of public space in Ottoman Palestine. Jerusalem Annals Magazine, 13, 27-39.

Abdel Hamid, A. S. (2009). Urban planning and spatial management in the occupied Palestinian territories. Policies Journal of the Institute of Public Policy, (9), 78.

Al-Khalidi, W. A. (2016). Analytical study of the impact of contemporary building technology on the architectural character of residential buildings (the case of Gaza City) (Master's thesis). The Islamic University of Gaza.

Abuarkub, A. M., & S., F. M. (2018, September). Architectural and historical development in Palestine. Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), 9(9), 1217–1233.

Ben Zeev, N. (2019). The Politics of Cement in Mandate Palestine: Building to Survive. Jerusalem Quarterly, (79), 40.

Nitzan Shiftan, A. (2009). Concrete and Stone: Shifts and Conflicts in Israeli Architecture. Traditional Dwelling and Settlements Review, 21, 52.

Abu Hilal, A. (2009, February). The changing architecture realized in the Palestinian domestic vernacular architecture during the end of the 19th/beginning of the 20th centuries: A case study from Hebron (Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University).

Abuarkub, M. (2018). Classify Traditional Houses in the Rural Areas in Palestine. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), 9(12), 1141-1161.

Al-Amiri, S. (2000). Traditional tiles in Palestine: A series of rituals in the history of architecture in Palestine. Gallery Publishing.

Bishara, K. (2018). Architecture and Urban Planning in Palestine Caught Between Domination, Devastation and Mismanagement. Palestinian Journeys. Retrieved from

Nitzan-Shiftan, A. (2009). Shifts and Conflicts in Israeli Architecture: Special Article on Concrete and Stone. Traditional Dwelling and Settlements Review, TDSR, 21, January.

Ahmed, T. D. (2008). Analyzing the architectural styles of residential buildings in Palestine during the Ottoman period: A case study of the city of Nablus (Master's thesis). An-Najah University.

Hebron Reconstruction Committee. (2020). Unpublished study.

Al-Khalidi, W. A. (2016). Analytical study of the impact of contemporary building technology on the architectural character of residential buildings (the case of Gaza City) (Master's thesis). The Islamic University of Gaza.

Sahouri, S., et al. (2008). The House of Arches. Unpublished study, Al-Quds University Abu Dis.

Thawaba, S. (2019). Building and planning regulations under Israeli colonial power: A critical study from Palestine. Planning Perspectives, 34(1), 133-146.

Architecture of Israel. Retrieved from

Al-Rousan, A., & Samara, J. (2009). Architectural and structural details in the ancient Arab Islamic house. Jordan: National Library.

Bronzino, C. (2009/2010). Historical centers and identity: Enhancement and restoration between Italy and Palestine. The case of Hebron (Diploma Thesis, School of Specialization in Architectural and Landscape Heritage, University of Naples "Federico II").

Al-Quds newspaper. (2020, August). The Hebron Reconstruction Committee renovated the Palestine Hotel to turn it into a museum. Retrieved from

Roberto, M. (2020, March 24). The Opening of Consulates in Jerusalem the Case of Italian Diplomacy MIDDLE EAST INSIGHTS.

Rizk, A. M. (2000). A dictionary of terms of architecture and Islamic arts. Madbouly Library.

Shaded, W. (2020). The extent of the development of the internal spaces in the residences of the Old City of Hebron (Doctoral dissertation, University of Sudan, Khartoum).

Michael and Julie Seelig. (1988, Spring). ARCHITECTURE AND POLITICS IN ISRAEL: 1920 to the Present. The Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 39.

Hadani, D. (1969). Hebron Photographer, Israel Press and Photo Agency (I.P.P.A.) / collection, The National Library of Israel / CC BY 4.0 of the photo since (1969).

Library of Congress. Palestine disturbances (1936). Body of a Hebronite shot in the Old City, being transported by car Digital ID: (digital file from original) matpc 18064.

Jawabrah, M. A., MuaiN, Q., & Badawy, U. (2020, May). The Influence of Bauhaus Architecture: Ramallah as a Case Study in the West Bank, Palestine. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), DOI: 10.21275/SR20516134011. ISSN: 2319-7064.

Maraqa, H. (2022). Personal interview. The engineer was responsible for several reconstruction and rehabilitation projects at the Hebron Reconstruction Committee.


Wisam H. Shaded
Wisa[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Shaded, W. (2023). Palestine Hotel in the Old City of Hebron, Between Modernity and Traditional Dwelling Architecture During the 19th-20th Century. The Academic Research Community Publication, 7(3), 16–33.

Article Details

Received 2023-08-22
Accepted 2023-09-23
Published 2023-10-31