The Impact of the Religious Dimension as Building, Urban Fabric and the Social Behavior of the Population

M. SAOUANE Mohamed Boudiafe, Mme .ZEGHICHI Sarra

I knew architecture grew since the ages of prehistoric and was the goal of the appearance of architecture at first in order to meet the need and protection from surrounding risks, but with the evolution of architecture through the ages, and the concept of civilization that appeared with the development of architecture gave a special identity to architecture. like Mesopotamia in Iraqi architecture, Egyptian architecture shows African, Romanian Greek, and Islamic architecture. The Byzantine Empire which covered most regions of the world saw the emergence of a very Christian architecture in Italy and the Vatican Gothic factor was the development of this architecture. Prothera next to the religious and ideological thought and philosophy closer to the god of, this architecture was thought the mainstream has actually contributed to the development of architecture during the ages.

In this study, we will study the Islamic building in the North Africa region, which spread in the 10th century and was founded by The Abadites who were Kharijites and spread in the north of the Algerian desert, specifically in the city of Ghardaia in Wadi M'zab. 550 km from Algiers. This city is designed for social life, and this city is an inspiration for urban planners today. This city has been described in the Book of Lights Mazab of the French Orientalist where he said that her charm attracts visitors to it in one of the pages of this book.

This architecture was characterized by: an inherent system of architecture, a mixture of practical creativity, which was characterized by steadfastness so as to stay adapted and adapted to the difficult climate and nature of the region, and the maintenance of the neighborhood rights supported by a arsenal of ethical systems and customs expressed in the harem. Both inside the palace or at specific distances outside their walls ... Which is covered by a beautiful aesthetic touch and an almost unique architectural feature.

Through this study we will explain how They were affected of the building and the urban fabric of the area and the inhabitants of Wadi M'zab affected the religious dimension, how did urban fabric Wade M'zab preserve his building authenticity in terms of the form and mix of art and creativity that appears in urban and Wadi M'zab.

Keywords

Architecture; Civilization; Evolution; Desert; Beni M'zab; Ghardaia; Islamic Architecture; Desert Architecture; Form of Creativity; Art; Influenced Sanctity; Religious; Religious Dimension

References

Al - Fustai S . Abu Abbas. A. (1997) Division and the origins of the two lands. (2nd ed.) Grara ,Ghardaia Inquiry. Zahra forArab Media

A . Mohamed A. AlWahab. (2012) Specificities of desert urbanism (Master Thesis.) University of Laghouat. Algeria.

Benyoucef . B.(1992) The problem of urbanism and the Islamic project, Alger , Abu Dawood.

Khalid .A .(2013) Legitimate politics and jurisprudence of architecture, boundaries and common Alexandria Al-Sharq Al-Awsat Newspaper, Issue 12769-13 November2013

Hadj M. Ibrahim.(2015) Urbanism in Mzab and the Art of Creating the Biosphere (Social Norms and Urban Implications) number 22 Special 2015 SSH. ISSN: 2170-1121 .http://dspace.univ- jouargla.dz/jspui/handle/123456789/10262

Mohammed A.Sattar Othman, (1988) . Islamic City, World of Knowledge Serie s(NA.) .Kuwait, National Council for Culture, Arts and Letters.

Ramadan. K & Hamo A. B (2013) Custom in traditional Mzab Valley construction, (1nd ed.) Ghardaia. Office of Protection and Peromation of the M'zab Valley.

Yousef. B .Bakir H. Saeed (1991) History of Beni Mzab, Ghardaia, Arabic Printing Press(2006).

Wikipedia .(2011) All you need to know about Ghardaiahttps://ar.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Ghardaia.

Office of Protection and Peromation of the M'zab Valley. (2013) .http://www.opvm.dz/.

André Ravéreau. (1981). Le Mzab une leçon d’architecture. (04/03/2003) SINDBAD. ISBN : 2742742700

Copyright (c) 2020 Resourceedings Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.