The Impact of the Religious Dimension as Building, Urban Fabric and the Social Behavior of the Population
XML

Supplementary Files

The Impact of the Religious Dimension as Building, Urban Fabric and the Social Behavior of the Population

Keywords

Architecture
Civilization
Evolution
Desert
Beni M'zab
Ghardaia
Islamic Architecture
Desert Architecture
Form of Creativity
Art
Influenced Sanctity
Religious
Religious Dimension

Abstract

I knew architecture grew since the ages of prehistoric and was the goal of the appearance of architecture at first in order to meet the need and protection from surrounding risks, but with the evolution of architecture through the ages, and the concept of civilization that appeared with the development of architecture gave a special identity to architecture. like Mesopotamia in Iraqi architecture, Egyptian architecture shows African, Romanian Greek, and Islamic architecture. The Byzantine Empire which covered most regions of the world saw the emergence of a very Christian architecture in Italy and the Vatican Gothic factor was the development of this architecture. Prothera next to the religious and ideological thought and philosophy closer to the god of, this architecture was thought the mainstream has actually contributed to the development of architecture during the ages.

In this study, we will study the Islamic building in the North Africa region, which spread in the 10th century and was founded by The Abadites who were Kharijites and spread in the north of the Algerian desert, specifically in the city of Ghardaia in Wadi M'zab. 550 km from Algiers. This city is designed for social life, and this city is an inspiration for urban planners today. This city has been described in the Book of Lights Mazab of the French Orientalist where he said that her charm attracts visitors to it in one of the pages of this book.

This architecture was characterized by: an inherent system of architecture, a mixture of practical creativity, which was characterized by steadfastness so as to stay adapted and adapted to the difficult climate and nature of the region, and the maintenance of the neighborhood rights supported by a arsenal of ethical systems and customs expressed in the harem. Both inside the palace or at specific distances outside their walls ... Which is covered by a beautiful aesthetic touch and an almost unique architectural feature.

Through this study we will explain how They were affected of the building and the urban fabric of the area and the inhabitants of Wadi M'zab affected the religious dimension, how did urban fabric Wade M'zab preserve his building authenticity in terms of the form and mix of art and creativity that appears in urban and Wadi M'zab.

https://doi.org/10.21625/resourceedings.v2i3.685
XML

References

Al - Fustai S . Abu Abbas. A. (1997) Division and the origins of the two lands. (2nd ed.) Grara ,Ghardaia Inquiry. Zahra forArab Media

A . Mohamed A. AlWahab. (2012) Specificities of desert urbanism (Master Thesis.) University of Laghouat. Algeria.

Benyoucef . B.(1992) The problem of urbanism and the Islamic project, Alger , Abu Dawood.

Khalid .A .(2013) Legitimate politics and jurisprudence of architecture, boundaries and common Alexandria Al-Sharq Al-Awsat Newspaper, Issue 12769-13 November2013

Hadj M. Ibrahim.(2015) Urbanism in Mzab and the Art of Creating the Biosphere (Social Norms and Urban Implications) number 22 Special 2015 SSH. ISSN: 2170-1121 .http://dspace.univ- jouargla.dz/jspui/handle/123456789/10262

Mohammed A.Sattar Othman, (1988) . Islamic City, World of Knowledge Serie s(NA.) .Kuwait, National Council for Culture, Arts and Letters.

Ramadan. K & Hamo A. B (2013) Custom in traditional Mzab Valley construction, (1nd ed.) Ghardaia. Office of Protection and Peromation of the M'zab Valley.

Yousef. B .Bakir H. Saeed (1991) History of Beni Mzab, Ghardaia, Arabic Printing Press(2006).

Wikipedia .(2011) All you need to know about Ghardaiahttps://ar.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Ghardaia.

Office of Protection and Peromation of the M'zab Valley. (2013) .http://www.opvm.dz/.

André Ravéreau. (1981). Le Mzab une leçon d’architecture. (04/03/2003) SINDBAD. ISBN : 2742742700

 Creative Commons License

  • The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
  • Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;

With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.

  • The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
  • Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
  • The Author represents and warrants that:
  • The Work is the Author's original work;
  • The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
  • The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
  • The Work has not previously been published;
  • The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
  • The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
  • The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.