Religions Culture Sharps the Space

Xiaowen Wu, Claudio Gambardella

Religious culture shapes the characters of space and it reflects people’s attitudes towards the relationships between people and gods. Every religious architecture, such as a temple or a church, demonstrates its physical connections with life. This paper focuses on comparing different countries’ religious architectures to better understand the dominant cultural elements which influence design concepts of these architectures. In Western cultures, the religious architecture format is the church. However, Tadao Ando designs the Church of the Light with oriental features. It changes western religious cultures to adapt to local conditions. Ando’s work is just one of many examples in which the local culture can transform religious architecture form with their own characters, and nake it become an iconic mark to represent their country. This paper, analyzing project thinking and development invovling a local citizen, user, artist, and architect, tries to find out how design concepts, decisions on site location, and construction method will be determined. In these case studies on architectural formats from all over the world, this paper uses valuable data to show what elements will be the most critical ones to influence people’s thinking about religious cultures and religious architectural transformation. Furthermore, in this research, it compares religious cultural characters between western and oriental regions. This research also answers questions about how cultures change local people’s behaviors. This is the most valuable point of religious architectures, because they can comfort people and mitigate their sorrow. The research demonstrates how religious cultures and understanding about life can further develop architecture forms. Local materials and conditions are  key factors which greatly influence architectural designs. Moreover, this paper compares the latest technology and development of construction materials to illustrate how technology reshapes religious designs in our age. It links local cultures with contemporary architectures to help local architectures continue to develop with their unique characters instead of being eliminated by globalization.

Keywords

Religious cultures;local cultures; religious architectures; architecture forms; social factors

References

Gil-Mastalerczyk, J. (2016). The Place and Role of Religious Architecture in the Formation of Urban Space. Procedia Engineering, 161, 2053-2057. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.08.802

Salimi, A., Yurtyapan Salimi, A., & Kara Pilehvarian, N. (2016). The Role and Impact of Religion on the Architecture of Mosques and Churches. The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication, 6(April Special Edition), 22-31. doi: 10.7456/1060ase/003

Gowans, A., Scruton, R., James, J., & Collins, P. (2019). Architecture | Definition, Techniques, & Theory. Retrieved 19 November 2019, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/architecture

Hallie (2018). How To Perform A Korean Jesa Ceremony. [online] The Soul of Seoul. Available at: https://thesoulofseoul.net/2015/02/23/how-to-perform-a-korean-jesa-ceremony/ [Accessed 19 Nov. 2019].

Temple of Heaven, Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Heaven

Souza, E. (2011). AD Classics: MIT Chapel / Eero Saarinen. Retrieved 19 November 2019, from https://www.archdaily.com/112682/ad-classics-mit-chapel-eero-saarinen

Sveiven, M. (2011). Bruder Klaus Field Chapel / Peter Zumthor. Retrieved 19 November 2019, from https://www.archdaily.com/106352/bruder-klaus-field-chapel-peter-zumthor

Copyright (c) 2019 Resourceedings Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.