The role of cloisters in historical cities
XML

Supplementary Files

Untitled

Keywords

Cloisters
Restoration
Quiet places

Abstract

Over the centuries religious architecture had a significant role in social and cultural life of people. In the past sacred architectures with their silent spaces were symbolic sites were the “voice” of God was invoked by religious who dedicated most of their life to prayer and spiritual readings.

Among them, the cloisters, with their typical architectural conformation of open-air space protected by galleries or corridors, enriched by fountains and gardens had a relevant role also for their restorativeness' capability. They were used as healing places where body, mind and spirit could benefit from the surrounding environment.

Nowadays they are still attended by men of faith, pilgrims and religious believers but also, simply, by people in searching of quietness. Their sight on the sky, the greenery and the water, and their cultural elements still affects strongly the physiological and emotional restoration process of the people and, in overcrowded cities where green areas misses, they can represent a new resource. Recent studies highlighted the possibility to use them as pockets of quiet. The paper describes their diffusion in the urban tissue of some cities in Campania and their main characteristics.

https://doi.org/10.21625/resourceedings.v2i3.634
XML

References

Alt, P. L. (2017) Sacred space and the healing journey. Ann Palliat Med, 6, 284-296. doi: 10.21037/apm.2017.06.09

Costa, M. R. (1996). I chiostri di Napoli. Roma, Italia: Newton & Compton.

De Bell, S., Graham, H., Jarvis, S. & White, P. (2017). The importance of nature in mediating social and psychological benefits associated with visits to freshwater blue space. Landscape and Urban Planning, 167, 118-127. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.06.003

De Falco, C. (2018). Dipartimento di Ingegneria. La Real Casa dell’Annunziata di Aversa. In Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (pp. 213 -223). Napoli, Italia: Giannini Editore.

Dodd, J. & Jones, C. (2014). Mind, body, spirit: How museums impact health and wellbeing. Leicester, United Kingdom: Research Centre for Museums and Galleries.

Fernández, D., Pascale, A., Masullo, M., Maffei, L. & Puyana, V. (2014, October). The value of the cloisters in Naples’ historical city centre as quiet and restorative places. Proceedings of 45º Congreso Español de Acústica - 8º Cong. Ibérico de Acústica. Murcia, Spain.

Fiengo, G. & Guerriero, L. (2002). Il centro storico di Aversa. Napoli, Italia: Arte Tipografica Editrice.

Fujiwara, D., Cornwall, T. & Dolan, P. (2014). Heritage and Wellbeing. London, United Kingdom: English Heritage.

Gill, C., Packer, J. & Ballantyne, R. (2018). Exploring the restorative benefits of spiritual retreats: the case of clergy retreats in Australia. Tourism Recreation Research, 43, 235-249. doi:10.1080/02508281.2017.1410972

Herzog, T. R., Ouellette, P., Rolens, J. R. & Koenigs, A. M. (2010). Houses of worship as restorative environments. Environment and Behavior, 42, 395-419. doi: 10.1177/0013916508328610

Horn, W. (1973). On the Origins of the Medieval Cloister. Gesta, 12, 13-52. doi: 10.2307/766633

Jacazzi, D. (2018). Dipartimento di Architettura e Disegno Industriale. La Badia di San Lorenzo “extra Muros Aversae”. In Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (pp. 193-205). Napoli, Italia: Giannini Editore.

Keniger, L. E., Gaston, K. J., Irvine, K. N. & Fuller, R. A. (2013). What are the benefits of interacting with nature? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10, 913-935. doi:10.3390/ijerph10030913

Maffei, L., Masullo, M. & Oliviero, A. (2017, August). Quiet areas inside historical city centers. Proceedings of Internoise 2017. Hong Kong, China.

Maffei, L., Toma, R. A. & Masullo, M. (2018, August). Objective and subjective assessment of pockets of quiet inside historical urban areas. Proceedings of Internoise 2018. Chicago, Illinois.

Mallarach, J. M. (2014). Poblet Monastery cloister garden on the Al-Andalus border: aims and meaning of the restoration work. Retrieved from http://themathesontrust.org/

Ouellette, P., Kaplan, R. & Kaplan, S. (2005). The monastery as a restorative environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, 175-188. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2005.06.001

Ponzetti, J. J. (2014). Governance in the Cloister: Lessons from the Rule of Benedict for Sustainable Leadership in Communal Organizations. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 11, 25-35.

Pouya, S. (2017). Healing Gardens in the Mega Cities; Example of Tehran. Journal of Urban Academy, 10, 139-156.

Riva, M. A. & Cesana, G. (2013). The charity and the care: the origin and the evolution of hospitals. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 24, 1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2012.11.002

Rodrigues, A. D. (2015). Beyond contemplation, the real functions held at the cloisters. In A. D. Rodrigues, A. Perla, D. Parras (Eds), Cloisters Gardens, Courtyards and Monastic Enclosures (pp.13 -35). Évora, Portugal: CHAIA/CIUHCT.

 Creative Commons License

  • The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
  • Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;

With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.

  • The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
  • Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
  • The Author represents and warrants that:
  • The Work is the Author's original work;
  • The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
  • The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
  • The Work has not previously been published;
  • The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
  • The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
  • The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.