The role of cloisters in historical cities

Luigi Maffei, Massimiliano Masullo, Roxana Adina Toma, Danila Jacazzi

Over the centuries religious architecture had a significant role in social and cultural life of people. In the past sacred architectures with their silent spaces were symbolic sites were the “voice” of God was invoked by religious who dedicated most of their life to prayer and spiritual readings.

Among them, the cloisters, with their typical architectural conformation of open-air space protected by galleries or corridors, enriched by fountains and gardens had a relevant role also for their restorativeness' capability. They were used as healing places where body, mind and spirit could benefit from the surrounding environment.

Nowadays they are still attended by men of faith, pilgrims and religious believers but also, simply, by people in searching of quietness. Their sight on the sky, the greenery and the water, and their cultural elements still affects strongly the physiological and emotional restoration process of the people and, in overcrowded cities where green areas misses, they can represent a new resource. Recent studies highlighted the possibility to use them as pockets of quiet. The paper describes their diffusion in the urban tissue of some cities in Campania and their main characteristics.

Keywords

Cloisters, Restoration, Quiet places

References

Alt, P. L. (2017) Sacred space and the healing journey. Ann Palliat Med, 6, 284-296. doi: 10.21037/apm.2017.06.09

Costa, M. R. (1996). I chiostri di Napoli. Roma, Italia: Newton & Compton.

De Bell, S., Graham, H., Jarvis, S. & White, P. (2017). The importance of nature in mediating social and psychological benefits associated with visits to freshwater blue space. Landscape and Urban Planning, 167, 118-127. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.06.003

De Falco, C. (2018). Dipartimento di Ingegneria. La Real Casa dell’Annunziata di Aversa. In Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (pp. 213 -223). Napoli, Italia: Giannini Editore.

Dodd, J. & Jones, C. (2014). Mind, body, spirit: How museums impact health and wellbeing. Leicester, United Kingdom: Research Centre for Museums and Galleries.

Fernández, D., Pascale, A., Masullo, M., Maffei, L. & Puyana, V. (2014, October). The value of the cloisters in Naples’ historical city centre as quiet and restorative places. Proceedings of 45º Congreso Español de Acústica - 8º Cong. Ibérico de Acústica. Murcia, Spain.

Fiengo, G. & Guerriero, L. (2002). Il centro storico di Aversa. Napoli, Italia: Arte Tipografica Editrice.

Fujiwara, D., Cornwall, T. & Dolan, P. (2014). Heritage and Wellbeing. London, United Kingdom: English Heritage.

Gill, C., Packer, J. & Ballantyne, R. (2018). Exploring the restorative benefits of spiritual retreats: the case of clergy retreats in Australia. Tourism Recreation Research, 43, 235-249. doi:10.1080/02508281.2017.1410972

Herzog, T. R., Ouellette, P., Rolens, J. R. & Koenigs, A. M. (2010). Houses of worship as restorative environments. Environment and Behavior, 42, 395-419. doi: 10.1177/0013916508328610

Horn, W. (1973). On the Origins of the Medieval Cloister. Gesta, 12, 13-52. doi: 10.2307/766633

Jacazzi, D. (2018). Dipartimento di Architettura e Disegno Industriale. La Badia di San Lorenzo “extra Muros Aversae”. In Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (pp. 193-205). Napoli, Italia: Giannini Editore.

Keniger, L. E., Gaston, K. J., Irvine, K. N. & Fuller, R. A. (2013). What are the benefits of interacting with nature? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10, 913-935. doi:10.3390/ijerph10030913

Maffei, L., Masullo, M. & Oliviero, A. (2017, August). Quiet areas inside historical city centers. Proceedings of Internoise 2017. Hong Kong, China.

Maffei, L., Toma, R. A. & Masullo, M. (2018, August). Objective and subjective assessment of pockets of quiet inside historical urban areas. Proceedings of Internoise 2018. Chicago, Illinois.

Mallarach, J. M. (2014). Poblet Monastery cloister garden on the Al-Andalus border: aims and meaning of the restoration work. Retrieved from http://themathesontrust.org/

Ouellette, P., Kaplan, R. & Kaplan, S. (2005). The monastery as a restorative environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, 175-188. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2005.06.001

Ponzetti, J. J. (2014). Governance in the Cloister: Lessons from the Rule of Benedict for Sustainable Leadership in Communal Organizations. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 11, 25-35.

Pouya, S. (2017). Healing Gardens in the Mega Cities; Example of Tehran. Journal of Urban Academy, 10, 139-156.

Riva, M. A. & Cesana, G. (2013). The charity and the care: the origin and the evolution of hospitals. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 24, 1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2012.11.002

Rodrigues, A. D. (2015). Beyond contemplation, the real functions held at the cloisters. In A. D. Rodrigues, A. Perla, D. Parras (Eds), Cloisters Gardens, Courtyards and Monastic Enclosures (pp.13 -35). Évora, Portugal: CHAIA/CIUHCT.

Copyright (c) 2019 Resourceedings Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.