Giuseppe Zander restorer. The methodological approach to the conservation project

Cesare Crova

Giuseppe Zander was the "Proto" of the "Fabbrica di San Pietro": the architect who undertook the restoration of the most important complex of Christianity, after being a member of the Pontifical Commission of Sacred Art in Italy.

In this capacity, the approach to the monument for Zander was of absolute respect, the knowledge of the architectural work was acquired through real sketches, annotations on the formal and constructive aspects, the building phases, the materials used, the degradation. The direct investigation was accompanied by the theoretical study with the bibliographic and archival research, from which derived the critical synthesis contained in his notebooks. From these studies emerges the full mastery of the subject and the opportunity to understand the context by an audience not necessarily made of experts, using a simple and immediate language, but at the same time cultured, full of classic quotations, from which emerges his figure of humanist.

His designer activity as a restorer remains in all his projects, from which the mentioned concepts are outlined, with his careful theoretical reflection that precedes the restoration project, in which he acquires the values of the past architecture transposing them into modern forms through the use of modern techniques and technologies, in perfect union with construction techniques and local typological habits.

Among many projects, we focus on the restoration of the "Collegiate Church of San Pietro" in Minturno (1966-67), in which we find the synthesis of the methodological path of Giuseppe Zander.

Keywords

Giuseppe Zander; Conservation; Preervation; Restoration; Collegiate Church of San Pietro

References

Abatino G. (1903). La cattedrale di Minturno, in «Napoli Nobilissima», p. 56-9.

ASABAP Archive: ABAP Superintendency Archive for Rome metropolitan area, Viterbo suburbs e southern Etruria. Fondo Chiesa S. Pietro a Minturno. Evaluations 629 e 713 (1953), 691 (1954), 744 (1955), 781 e 791 (1956).

Avena A. (1902). Monumenti dell’Italia meridionaleRelazione dell’Ufficio regionale per la conservazione dei monumenti delle provincie meridionali. Volume I del periodo 1891-1901, Rome: Officina Poligrafica Romana.

Bonelli R. (1993). Prefazione, in Zander G. Scritti sul restauro dei monumenti architettonici, Roma: Bonsignor, p. 9-11.

Crova C. (2002). Il centro antico di Minturno: note di urbanistica medievale, in «Civiltà Aurunca», 45-46, p. 27-36.

Crova C. (2017). La cattedrale di san Pietro apostolo a Minturno. Note sullo sviluppo della forma dell’architettura religiosa nell’Italia medievale tra IX e XIV secolo, in La costruzione della forma, architettura nell’Italia medievale, International conference of studies in honor of Corrado Bozzoni (Roma, auditorium of Architecture Faculty - Valle Giulia, 22-25 may 2017), held by Esposito D., Villa G., Viscogliosi A.

Franchetti Pardo V. (1991). Giuseppe Zander e la sua opera. Considerazioni sulla storia dell’architettura, in «Archivio della Società Romana di Storia Patria», 114, p. 215-23.

Longhi A. (2010) Cultura architettonica, vita ecclesiale e associazionismo cattolico dal dopoguerra al Concilio Vaticano II, in A. Longhi, C. Tosco, Architettura Chiesa e Società in Italia (1948-1978), Rome: Edizioni Stadium; p. 129-34.

Muñoz A. (1953). La nuova chiesa di San Leone Magno sulla via Prenestina, in «L’Urbe», n.1, p. 30-6.

Rosi G. (1949). Il campanile della cattedrale di Nola, in «Bollettino d’Arte», 1, p. 10-20.

Volpe A. S. (1990). Pietro Apostolo a Minturno, in «Architettura, storia e documenti», 1-2, p. 24-46,

Zander G. (1966). Architect Giuseppe Zander Archive, Restauro della Chiesa di San Pietro in Minturno. Relazione illustrata di pag. 38. Roma.

Zander G. (1971). Architect Giuseppe Zander Archive, Cassa Mezzogiorno Booklet, Superintendency Monuments of Lazio. Minturno, Church of San Pietro and oratory restoration: G. Zander, Progetto di restauro dell’oratorio in forme archiacute e della cappella di San Filippo. Relazione.

Zander G. (1976). Zander G. Precisazioni sulla chiesa di S. Pietro di Minturno, in «Bollettino del Centro di Studi per la Storia dell’Architettura», p. 19-27.

Copyright (c) 2019 Resourceedings Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.