Integrated Urban Mobility

Ar. Bhagyalaxmi S. Madapur, Ar. Shanu Raina
Habitually, urban mobility involves movement of inhabitants within or among urban areas. As cities continue to grow across the world, the resulting unregulated urban sprawl is associated with numerous adverse consequences. If these growing sub-urban areas and city cores are not adequately and efficiently interconnected by different modes of mass rapid transit systems (MRTS) from origin to destination for last mile connectivity, inhabitants continue to commute fittingly by private modes on consistent basis for their daily activities. This aspect thrusts high level of congestion and increases the commuting cost, collectively contributing to the degradation of urban environment and subsequently low quality of urban living often disengaging the city from its inhabitants. Additionally, with the surge in socio-economic profile of urban areas coupled with ICT (Information and Communication Technology) enabled provision of urban services, the conventional notion of urban mobility is altering swiftly. The MRTS needs to develop inventive structure for the planning, designing as well as implementing mechanisms to offer widely accessible (spatially, socially, all age groups and gender types) choices for sustained urban mobility while gradually unfolding the city to its hurried inhabitants at all the possible levels and scales. In this context, this paper attempts to and assess the current status of MRTS in the provision of last mile connectivity through the case study of Bangalore metropolitan city in India. The analysis intends to articulate the rational configurations for achieving efficient and inclusive urban mobility.


Integrated urban mobility, Last mile connectivity, Socio-economic profile, Accessibility, Inclusivity, Quality of urban living


Chien, S. I. J. (2005). Optimization Of Headway, Vehicle Size and Route Choice for Minimum Cost Feeder Service. Transportation Planning and Technology,28(5), 359-380. doi:10.1080/03081060500322565

Ewing, R., Haliyur, P., & Page, G. W. (1994). Getting around a traditional city, a suburban planned unit development, and everything in between. Transportation Research Record No. 1466, Issues in Land Use and Transportation Planning, Models, and Applications., 53–62.

Servvass, M. (2000). The significance of non-motorised transport for developing countries: Strategies for policy development. Utrecht, the Netherlands: I-ce, Interface for Cycling Expertise.

Nagaraju, K. (2014). A review ON TRANSPORT planning strategies for Bangalore in order to obtain multimodal integrated transportation system. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), 77-81.

Marshall, N., & Grady, B. (2005). Travel Demand Modeling for Regional Visioning and Scenario Analysis. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1921(1), 44-52. doi:10.1177/0361198105192100106

Montgomery, B. and Roberts, P. (2008). Walk Urban Demand, Constraints and Measurement of the Urban Pedestrian Environment, World Bank, Washington DC. [online] Retrieved from: [Accessed 27 March 2019].

Ozbil, A. and Peponis, J. (2012). The effects of urban form on walking to transit. In: Proceedings: Eighth International Space Syntax Symposium. Santiago, PUC, 2012.

Tay, Hengky. Cycling Infrastructure as a First-mile solution to mass transit access in Singapore- a study of MRT ridership in Singapore towns. Master Thesis, Cambridge:MIT, 2012.

Tiwari, G. (2003). Transport and Land-Use Policies in Delhi. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2004;81:444-540.

Verma, D. A. (2015). Quantifying Sustainability to Assess Urban Transportation Policies and Projects - Case Study from Bangalore. Bangalore, India, National Institute of Advanced Studies.

Zegras, Christopher. Mainstreaming sustainable urban transport:putting the pieces together. In Urban transport in the developing world, edited by Harry T Dimitriou and Ralph Gakenheimer, 548-588. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar publishing limited, 2011.

Copyright (c) 2019 Resourceedings Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.