Introducing the Rehabilitation Policy in Order to Safeguard the Built Heritage

Mona M. Abdelhamid, Mohamed M. Elfakharany
In order to maintain the old historical image of the city, it is necessary to look back into the past and identify the iconic buildings that have been existing during the last decades. By recognizing those valuable structures, architects together with the help of decision makers should take actions to revitalize the uses of those valuable buildings in order to prevent building’s decay or destruction.
Old historical Arabic public bathhouses (Hammam) were chosen as distinctive buildings that have been used frequently during the 19th century in Alexandria city. The main objective of this paper is to highlight the importance of applying the rehabilitation policies for the revitalization of those heritage buildings that have shaped for a long time the character of the old town in Alexandria. This paper will first discuss the beneficial use of the rehabilitation scheme that helps in safeguarding the social, cultural and economical value of the built heritage. The concept of rehabilitation mainly focuses that no historic building should be pulled down until serious effort has been made. Then, El Masry Arabic public bathhouse (hammam) located at Minet El Basal district in Alexandria old town has been selected as a case study on which the rehabilitation process has been applied through field surveying study and a literature background as well. Finally the study has proved that the rehabilitation process for the historical structures can lead to a great social contribution that help in preserving the original identity of the historical town.

References

Awad, M., & AbelHafiz, M. A. (2007). Hammams of Alexandria in the 19th century. Alexandria, Egypt: Alex med, Bibliotheque D’Alexandrie.

Feilden, B. M. (2003). Conservation of historic buildings(3rd ed.). Oxford: Architectural Press.

Morton, W. B., Hume, G. L., Weeks, K. D., & Jandi, H. W. (1992). The Secretary of the Interiors standards for rehabilitation & illustrated guidelines for rehabilitating historic buildings. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Cultural Resources, Preservation Assistance Division.