Modeling System to Support the Determination of the Return on Investment (ROI) for PPP projects in Egypt

Supplementary Files



Public authorities and governments in many nations ensure to assign the operations management of existing PPP projects and for financing new projects to the private sector. This approach adds a lot of benefits for all parties. These benefits included risks’ mitigation, cost savings regarding governmental expenditures, service enhancement, employment opportunities, and improvement in economic indices. This approach called public-private partnership (PPP) (Yescombe, 2007). Due to their complexity, nature and their long duration, PPP projects are usually more difficult to implement than other procurement models. Previous research studies on several PPP projects indicated that a number of problems exist in the calculations of the project’ returns. Additionally, it is explicit that there is a need for an objective, reliable and practical returns’ assessment model for PPP projects with regards to the different factors that might affect theses estimated returns. The required model will help decision makers and investors to assess the revenues of PPP projects at their early stages. To apply PPP projects in Egypt successfully, one of the fundamental requirements is to perform and implement a comprehensive analysis of Return on Investment (ROI), to do such analysis; it should include the factors affecting the ROI relating the projects’ influences such as; financial, legal, political, social . . . etc. According to the World Bank report, the private financial participation in Egypt has accounted $219,229.82 Million in the period from 1990 to 2000. This figure has increased to $998,667.36 Million in 2015 (World Bank ,2016).


Egyptian Ministry of Finance. (2014). Public Private Partnership Central Unit. National Program for Public Private Partnership.

Jang, S. G. (2011). A Concessionaire Selection Decision Model Development and Application for the PPP Project Procurement(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Southampton.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2016). Public-Private Partnerships in the Middle East and North Africa.

Schmidt, M. (2017). Return on Investment ROI Explain Defined Calculated Compared. Retrieved from

Shediac, R., Abouchakra, R., Hammam, M., & Najjar, M. R. (2008). Public–Private Partnerships A New Catalyst for Economic Growth. Booz & Co.

The Economist, Intelligence Unit. (2015). The 2015 Infrascope: Evaluating the environment for public private partnerships in Africa. Retrieved from report.aspx?campaignid=AfricaInfrascope2015

World Bank Group - International Development, Poverty, & Sustainability. (2016). Retrieved from

Yescombe, E. R. (2007). Public-private Partnerships: Principles of Policy and Finance. Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier Science.

 Creative Commons License

  • The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
  • Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;

With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.

  • The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
  • Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
  • The Author represents and warrants that:
  • The Work is the Author's original work;
  • The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
  • The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
  • The Work has not previously been published;
  • The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
  • The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
  • The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.