Cobalt-Intercalated Birnessite-Type Manganese Oxide Catalysts for Low-Cost Cathodes in Microbial Fuel Cells

Soichiro Hirose (1), Kosuke Takasugi (2), Trang Nakamoto (3), Kozo Taguchi (4)
(1) Department of Electrical and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Japan, Japan,
(2) Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Japan, Japan,
(3) Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Japan, Japan,
(4) Department of Electrical and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Japan, Japan

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a promising technology for solving energy and water pollution problems. However, to promote the practical application of MFC, it is necessary to solve the problems of power output and electrode cost simultaneously. Therefore, transition metal-based catalysts that can improve air cathode functionality without using platinum catalysts, which are commonly used, are attracting attention. In this experiment, a cobalt-intercalated birnessite-type manganese oxide catalyst was used as the cathode of the MFC. In addition, rice husk charcoal from agricultural waste and Sumi ink were used as cathode materials to reduce cost and improve the physical stability of the electrodes. The conductivity of the Sumi ink is expected to compensate for the low conductivity of manganese oxide. The resulting power density was 5.8 times higher with the catalyst than without. It was also confirmed that the fabricated cathode operated for at least 90 days without maintenance.

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Authors

Soichiro Hirose
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Kosuke Takasugi
Trang Nakamoto
Kozo Taguchi
Hirose, S. ., Takasugi, K., Nakamoto, T., & Taguchi, K. (2023). Cobalt-Intercalated Birnessite-Type Manganese Oxide Catalysts for Low-Cost Cathodes in Microbial Fuel Cells. Resourceedings, 3(3), 17–22. https://doi.org/10.21625/resourceedings.v3i3.1025

Article Details

Received 2023-09-19
Accepted 2023-10-17
Published 2023-12-31