Study the Control of Nutrients Removal from Wastewater by Using Local Plants in Constructed Wetlands as Tertiary Treatment

Main Article Content

Ghada Bilal


This paper presents the results of using a pilot-scale-constructed wetland as a tertiary treatment to the domestic wastewater by using local plants in Syria, aiming to achieve the Syrian legal standards of phosphorus and nitrogen emissions. This pilot plant consisted of tow types of wetlands.The emerged plants are placed in 3 tanks and followed by 3 tanks of free-floating plant, daily estimating the treatment of24.m3/day of effluents. The effluents were circulated in a vertical subsurface flow through a porous matrix of thick sand and gravel, in which the roots of the Arundo donax and Cattail (Typha sp.) and Bottomos (locally species Reed) were fixed. Monitoring of the pilot plant was performed through biological analyses. The flow bypassing through free-floating plant tanks will support removing the nutrients. The system offer a good degree of pollutant efficiency removal, especially for phosphorus (45% medium), TKN (80% medium), and NH4–N (60% medium).

Article Details

How to Cite
Bilal, G. (2019). Study the Control of Nutrients Removal from Wastewater by Using Local Plants in Constructed Wetlands as Tertiary Treatment. The Academic Research Community Publication, 3(1), 187–198.
Research Papers


Mitsch , W.J and J.G. Gosselink ,Wetlands ,Van Nostrand and Reinhold Company , New York, 1993

Gerber, M. D. (2002). Treatability effluent parboiled rice on Systems with emergent aquatic plants. Master Thesis, UFP.).

Rosseau, D. P. L., Vanrolleghem, P. A., & Pauw, N. (2003). Model Based design of horizontal subsurface flow constructed Treatment wetland: a review. Water Research Number, 38, 1484–1493.).

Sousa J. T., Haandel A. V., Lima E. P. C., Henrique I. N. Use of constructed wetland post-treatment of domestic sewage pretreated in UASB. Sanitary and Environmental Engineer 2004. 9(4), 285–290.

Chiej. R. (1984). Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald.

Gohl, B. (1981). Tropical feeds. Feed information summaries and nutritive values. FAO Animal Production and Health Series 12. FAO, Rome.

Moerman. D. (1998). Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press. Oregon.

Uphof. J. C. Th. (1959).Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim

Elias, T., and Dykeman, P. (1982). A Field Guide to North American Edible wild plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Foster. S. and Duke. J. A. A (1990). Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America.

Houghton Mifflin Co.

Moerman. D. (1998). Native American Ethnobotany. Timber Press. Oregon

Trites M., Bayley S.E. Vegetation communities in continental boreal wetlands along a salinity gradient: Implications for oil sands mining reclamation. Aquatic Botany 2009. Volume 91, Issue 1, July, Pages 27-39.

Y.Q. Zhao et al. / Science of the Total Environment 330 (2004) 1–8

The Syrian standers of Treated wastewater for irrigation use (2725)

Korkusuz E. A., Beklioglu M., Demirer G. Comparison of the treatment performances of blast furnace slagbased and gravel-based vertical flow wetlands operated identically for domestic wastewater treatment in Turkey. Ecological Engineering 2005. 5, 1–13.

Sakadevan K., Bavor H. J. Phosphate adsorption characteristics of soils, slags and zeolite to be used as substrate in constructed wetland systems. Water Research. 1998. 32(2), 393–399.

Hu, C., & Shand, B. Phosphorus removal performance and mechanisms of a constructed horizontal subsurface flow wetlands treating reclaimed water. Environmental Engineering Science 2009. 26, 1097–1106.