Sustainable Urban Regeneration of Public Realm in Historical Cities Centers

Yasmine Kamal Aouf (1)
(1) M.Sc. Senior Urban Designer, Egypt, Egypt


Sustainable development presents one of the most complex challenges in Egypt in particular of keeping up with the global march. According to what Egypt possesses of original cultural spatial components, the need has necessitated taking care of the investments, but in a sustainable way in the historical cities centers where its possession of cultural spatial elements with high economic importance. However, Egyptian historical centers have suffered from Degradation and dissipation of energies and capabilities resulting from the negligence of urban conservation projects, and its incompatibility with the ongoing social changes. The pathway taken by urban development have been considered as incomprehensive methods for all the levels of effect of the historical centers.These levels are the international, national and local levels with the Totalitarian goals for the city and the national economy which has been aimed at the methods of conservation of the urban in the domain of the historical area only. That narrow perspective hasn’t achieved an increase in economical and job opportunities, without relying on the attracting the investments and tourism that can achieve a change of the value of the targeted area from the actual value towards the highest probable value. The historic core is considered as an attraction for the tourism activities but in the centers of the Egyptian cities, the public realms are the outcomes of the undersigned remaining realms. Therefore, they cannot perform their function as public spaces expressing the local character, as they are the center of social relations and cultural product. The research paper has dealt with the Urban Regeneration of the public realm and analytical applied survey study on the heritage core of the city Rashid. The research ends with a number of recommendations related to dealing with the basis of urban regeneration of the public realm. Which have been applied on the historic core of Rasheed city.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Abdel-Moneim Ahmed Shoukry (1999) Sustainable Development between Concept and Practice Comparative Analytical Study for the Periods 1980-1990 1995, PhD Thesis. Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt.

Amira el nokaly , Ahmed el seragy (2010) Sustainable urban regeneration of historic city centers lessons

learnt , Lincoln school of Architecture, UK.

BDA Landscape Architects (2012) Heritage Squares, Conceptual Master Plans and Design Guidelines.

Brian Doucet (2007) Flagship Regeneration Panacea or Urban problem, EURA conference the vital city

Glasgow, Scotland.

Daniel Fujiwara and Ross Campbell (2011) Valuation Techniques for Social Cost-Benefit Analysis: Stated

Preference, Revealed Preference and Subjective Well-Being Approaches A Discussion of the Current Issues, Economics Journal.

Dr. Amira Elnokaly and Dr. Ahmed Elseragy (2013) , Sustainable Heritage Development: Learning from

Urban Conservation of Heritage Projects in Non Western Contexts, European Journal of Sustainable Development, Volume 2, 31- 54

Dr. Galila Gamal Al-Qadi, d. Mohammed Taher Sadiq, d. Mohamed Hassan Ismail, (1999) Rashid emergence of the boom decline, Arab Horizons House.

Global Urban Ecocnimc dialogue (2013) Public-Private Partnership in Housing and Urban Development, UN-HABITAT.

Guido Licciardi, Rana Amirtahmasebi (2012) The Economics of Uniqueness, The world bank Washington, DC.

Ilse Friedrich,(2012) Urban conservation as a core component of sustainable urban development Constance on lake, Getty Conservation Institute.

Information Systems Egyptian Antiquities EAIS (2005) Historical Buildings Report in Egypt, Rasheed Part 1.

Lancashire county council (2010) Creating Civilised Streets, Policy and design guide lines.

Main Authors: Andrea Colantonio and Tim Dixon Contributing Authors: Robin Ganser, Juliet Carpenter and Austine Ngombe (2009) Measuring Socially Sustainable Urban Regeneration in Europe , Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development (OISD) School of the Built Environment Oxford Brookes University.

Marina Faetanini (2010) Social and Human SciencesHistoric Districts for All - India a social and human

approach for sustainable revitalization , brochure for Local authorities, unhabitat.

Philiip jodidio (2011) historic Cities Programme Strategies for Urban Regeneration Herat Area Programme, The Aga Khan, Geneva.

Radulescu, Ruxandra and Florian Reschke ( 2012). Historic City Center.” Social and Political Key Terms of the Americas: Politics, Inequalities, and North-South Relations, Version.

Santa Fe, (2008) Towards Sustainable Strategies for Creative Tourism Discussion , United Nations cultural organization, Report of the Planning Meeting for International Conference Creative Cities Network, New Mexico, U.S.A.

The Getty Conservation Institute (2009) Historic Urban Environment Conservation Challenges and Priorities for Action Experts Meeting, Historic Cities & Urban Settlements Initiative.

Thilo Lang (2005) Insights in the British debate about urban decline and urban regeneration. Erkner, IRS, Institut fur Regionalentwicklung und Strukturplanung.

Tolina Loulanski (2006),Cultural Heritage in Socio-Economic Development: Local and Global Perspectives, Environments Journal, Volume 34 (2).

Valentino Piana ( 2010), Urban regeneration, economics web institute.

Viviana Martini ( 2011) Proposals concerning the desirability of a standard-setting .

William Penn (2007) Sense of place: design guidlines for new construction in historic districts. A Publication of the Preservation Alliance, Philadelphia, USA.

Yasmine Kamal Saied Aouf (2016) Urban Regeneration of Public Realm in Historical cities centers in sustainable way (Case study research in historic city core of Rashid City), M.Sc.Thesis. Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt.


Yasmine Kamal Aouf
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Aouf, Y. K. (2019). Sustainable Urban Regeneration of Public Realm in Historical Cities Centers. ARCHive-SR, 3(1), 167–181.

Article Details