A Discussion of the Application’s Possibility of the Earth-Sheltered Building Type in Egypt: Implementation Guidelines

Heba Hassan, Ahmed Mohamed El Kotory
The Earth-sheltered building type is spreading all over the world in the last decade as an eco-friendly building’s style, and as a passive energy saving technique. Most previous researches regarding this type are discussing the energy savings’ and measuring the “heating/cooling loads” reduction extent. This research is discussing the subject from the urban point of view, and the application’s possibility for the housing projects in the Egyptian deserts. Adopting the quantitative method followed by the qualitative analysis; the research quantified the results of a questionnaire survey, and used the chi-square test to analyze the significant results, in order to be able to generalize the results to the community. Followed by some urban design considerations and applicable recommendations related to this type according to the questionnaire survey results. The practical discussion argued the application’s possibility at the housing sector in the Egyptian deserts through discussing the motives behind thinking of the application in the housing sector at the Egyptian deserts; and the application’s optimal performance constraints. The research recommends using this type of buildings for housing in the developing projects of the new communities in the Egyptian western deserts, like ”Toshka”. Moreover, in the new touristic resorts, and in the small and middle-sized projects.

Keywords

Earth-sheltered Buildings; Questionnaire Survey; Sustainable Urbanism; Application’s Guidelines

References

Al-Temeemi, A. A., and D. J. Harris. 2004. “A Guideline for Assessing the Suitability of Earth-Sheltered Mass Housing in Hot-Arid Climates.” Energy and Buildings 36(3): 251–60.

Bartz, Janet. 1986. “Post-Occupancy Evaluation of Residents of Single- and Multi-Family Earth-Sheltered Housing.” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology incorporating Trenchless 1(1): 71-88.

Carmody, John, and Raymond Sterling. 1985. Earth Sheltered Housing Design. First Edit. ed. Raymond Sterling. Minnesota.: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Fahmy, Mohamad, and Ahmed Konsowa. 2004. “The Interaction between the Climatic Treatments and the Type of Underground Housing in Upper Egypt.” In 5th International Conference On Civil & Architecture Engineering., Cairo: ICCAE, 23–25.

Golany, Gideon. 1983. Earth Sheltered Habitat: History, Architecture & Urban Design. New York: VAN NOSTRAND REINHOLD COMPANY.

Golany, Gideon, and Toshio Ojima. 1996. Geo- Space Urban Design. New York: John wiilly & Sons Inc.

Hassan, H et al. 2014. “Testing the Basements Thermal Performance as an Approach to the Earth-Sheltered Buildings Application at Hot Climates, Case Study (Egypt).” In ASim2014 Proceedings, ed. IBPSA-Asia ASimJapan. Nagoya, Japan: IBPSA-Asia, 507–14.

Hassan, Heba. 2015. “Earth-Sheltered Building’s Questionnaire.” English questionnaire form: 7. https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeTjekzhW1jY50SVjQVN1hqg6aEUbD9ou9mdj0EHWAzlnYuw/viewform (November 27, 2017).

———. 2016a. “Measuring People’s Perception towards Earth-Sheltered Buildings Using Photo-Questionnaire Survey.” Sustainable Cities and Society 26: 76–90.

———. 2016b. “Measuring People’s Perception towards Earth-Sheltered Buildings Using Photo-Questionnaire Survey.” Sustainable Cities and Society 26: 76–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.05.005.

Hassan, Heba, and Daisuke Sumiyoshi. 2017a. “Earth-Sheltered Buildings in Hot-Arid Climates: Design

Guidelines.” Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2314853516301585.

———. 2017b. “Earth-Sheltered Buildings in Hot-Arid Climates: Design Guidelines.” Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2314853516301585.

———. 2017c. “Evaluation of Basement’s Thermal Performance against Thermal Comfort Model at Hot-Arid Climates, Case Study (Egypt).” Environmental Science and Sustainable Development 1(2): 10.

Heba, Hassan Ahmed et al. 2012. “The Possibility of Applying the Earth-Sheltered Building Type for Housing Projects between Humid and Dry Climates - Case Study Egypt and Japan -.” In International Society of Habitat Engineering and Design Conference, ISHED, Shanghai, China: Tongji University, 8.

Hoyle, Basil. 2011. Low Energy Building Engineering. First Edit. Delhi: The English Press 4735/22

Prakashdeep Bldg, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, Delhi.

Ismail, Heba, Takafumi Arima, Aly Ahmed, and Yasunori Akashi. 2013. “Measuring the Possibility of Living in the Earth-Sheltered Building Type between Egypt and Japan.” In Building Simulation Cairo 2013 - Towards Sustainable & Green Life, ed. Dr. Mohammad Fahmy BPSA-Egypt. Cairo, Egypt: AGD Publishing Cairo IBPSA Egypt, 430–441, Part 8.

Jhon Carmody, and Raymond Sterling. 1993. Underground Space Design: A Guide to Subsurface Utilization & Design for People in Underground Spaces. New York: VAN NOSTRAND REINHOLD COMPANY.

Lehner, Philip N. 1979. Cambridg University Press Handbook of Ethological Methods. New York: Garland Press, NY.

Olsen, Wendy. 2004. “Triangulation in Social Research: Qualitative & Quantitative Methods Can Really Be Mixed.” In Developments in Sociology, , 1–30.

Sydney, A. Baggs. 1981. “Underground Housing: New Life-Styles in an Australian Settlement.” The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies 6(2): 177–205.

Zhang, Yujia, T.Murray Alan, and B.L. Turner. 2017. “Optimizing Green Space Locations to Reduce Daytime and Nighttime Urban Heat Island Effects in Phoenix, Arizona.” Landscape and Urban Planning 165: 162–71.

Copyright (c) 2019 Heba Hassan, Ahmed Mohamed El Kotory Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.