Towards Zero-Energy Housing in Egypt

Supplementary Files



energy crises
zero-energy houses
renewable energy

How to Cite

Mohamed, H. A. (2019). Towards Zero-Energy Housing in Egypt. The Academic Research Community Publication, 3(1), 52–62.


As the Egyptian population is increasing at a huge rate, the yearly housing demand is increasing in an equivalent rate. In addition, the whole world is suffering from an energy crises caused by the rapidly increasing consumption of world’s traditional energy resources, so the obvious solution is to go green, and depend much more on renewable energy resources. According to the statistical data available in Egyptian governmental authorities, the accumulated housing demand till 2014 was about 2,400,000 units. On the other hand, the yearly housing supply from private and public sectors is about 150,000 to 200,000 unit, Egyptian authorities declared that at summer 2010 air-conditioning devices increased to reach 3.000.000 ( three million) devices all over Egypt, mostly working from early mornings till 2 am next day to adjust temperatures that reach up to (45C) and more outside buildings to reach (25 C) or less inside. This behavior increased electricity consumption rapidly. Consequently, the electricity consumption rate in Egypt had increased by 13% more than 2009, which exceeds the maximum capacity power of the high dam by 7% to 8%, ministry of electricity announcements declared that to fill that gab we need 3000 megawatts at peak hours which costs the electricity sector up to l.E. Accordingly, a new architectural design concept is proposed (Zero-Energy Housing Unit) to rely on the surrounding environmental conditions and new Green Architecture Techniques in order to provide human comfort based on renewable energy sources, provided that the common current governmental energy sources will be a backup system for the meanwhile.


Anna Joanna Marszaland Per Heiselberg,Zero Energy Building (ZEB) definition - A literature review, technical report of subtask A,iea-shc org.,2012

Electric Energy Holding Company,Report,Egypt,2015

Mostafa Atwa, Architectural Design with Environmental Solutions as as a Scope for Sustainability, paper,Journal

of Buildings and Sustainability,vol.1,issue 2,2016.

Esbensen, T.V. & Korsgaard, V, Dimensioning of the solar heating system in the zero energy house in Denmark. Solar Energy Vol. 19, Issue 2, 1977, pp. 195-199

Gilijamse, W. , Zero-energy houses in the Netherlands. Proceedings of Building Simulation ‘95. Madison, Wisconsin, USA, August 14–16; 1995, pp. 276–283. Web address: 276 283.pdf

Iqbal, M.T. , A feasibility study of a zero energy home in Newfoundland, Renewable Energy Vol. 29, Issue 2 February 2004, pp. 277-289

Torcellini, P., Pless, S. & Deru, M. , Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the Definition, National

Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), USA , 2006 Web address:

Laustsen, J. , Energy Efficiency Requirements in Building Codes, Energy Efficiency Policies for New Buildings, International Energy Agency (IEA), 2008 Web address:

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Division Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy,Trade and Industry,Japan, Definition of ZEB and future measures proposed by the ZEB Roadmap Examination Committee, technical report, 2015.

Hala Abdelmoez Mohamed, Merging traditional Arabian Architecture and Smart Architecture Between theory and Application” Electronic Wind-catcher - Malkaf” as a new way to solve identity and energy dilemma, Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering,Cairo University, 2012

 Creative Commons License

  • The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
  • Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;

With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.

  • The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
  • Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
  • The Author represents and warrants that:
  • The Work is the Author's original work;
  • The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
  • The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
  • The Work has not previously been published;
  • The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
  • The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
  • The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.