Social Priorities of Less Developed Countries Sustainable Housing (Case of Sudan)

Ayman K. Abdelgadir, Omer A. Abu Elzein, Faris Hameed
Sustainable development and sustainable housing indicators are a response to the trend of adopting sustainable development objectives, adopted by most countries, especially developed and less developed countries. It is difficult to implement indicators developed for a developing country context in other contexts with different social, economic and environmental conditions. Social sustainability is the most important priority regarding evaluating the housing development projects in the developed and less developed countries. Economic conditions is linked in many aspects to the social sustainability indicators. Environmental indicators are important, but the less developed countries in general has a very low environmental foot prints, this is because the industry sector is usually week comparing to the developed countries. This paper reviews the sustainable housing indicators, with a focus on United Nations reports and indicators developed for contexts similar to study area, without ignoring the most reputable indicators developed for developing countries context. The research came with a set of indicators reflects the social priorities of the new housing development in Sudan. A questionnaire participants decided the relative important of each indicator and also the importance of the parameters of each indicator. Developing a set of social priorities for Sudan will give extra efficiency in promoting and assessing sustainability in the study area. Description of the questionnaire results which reflects the national social sustainable housing development priorities are discussed. The researches came with a set of recommendations to enhance the social aspects for new housing development projects in Sudan. Using this set of priorities and recommendations will give extra efficiency in promoting and assessing sustainability in the study area.

Keywords

Housing; Social priorities; less developed countries; Sudan

References

UN-HABITAT. Sustainable Housing for Sustainable Cities-A Policy Framework For Developing Countries,

United Nations Human Settlements Program, Nairobi; 2012. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017, from www.unhabitat.org

NPC/GS National Population Council & Ministry Of Welfare & Social Security. Sudan Millennium Development Goals Progress Report, Khartoum; 2010. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017, from http://www.welfare.gov.sd/home.php

ZAKIELDEEN, S. Adaptation to Climate Change: A Vulnerability Assessment for Sudan. London: International Institute for Environment and Development; 2009. [Available online], Retrieved 22 August 2017, from www.iied.org

GIBBERD, J. Assessing sustainable buildings in developing countries – the sustainable building assessment tool (SBAT) and the sustainable building lifecycle (SBL). In: Proceedings of the world sustainable building conference. Tokyo; 2005. p. 1605–1620

LIBOVICH, A. Assessing green building for sustainable cities. In: Proceedings of the world sustainable building conference. Tokyo; 2005. p. 1968–71.

Sonntag, Viki. Why Local Linkages Matter: Findings from the Local Food Economy Study. Seattle: Sustainable Seattle, 2008. Public draft comment, December 31, 2007; Retrieved 22 August 2017, from http://www.sustainableseattle.org/Programs/LFE%20Files/LFE%20Report%20Public%20Comment%20Draft.pdf.

Sterner, Carl S. A Sustainable Pattern Language: A Comprehensive Approach to Sustainable Design, Master Thesis, University of Cincinnati, College of Design, Architecture, Art & Planning, School of Architecture & Interior Design, USA; 2008.

UNITED NATION. Agenda 21: Program of Action for Sustainable Development, In: Proceedings of the United Nations conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro; 1992.

UNCSD-UNITED NATION COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Indicators of Sustainable

Development Framework and Methodologies. New York; 2001. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017, from http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd/csd9 indi bp3.pdf

IISD. Consultative Group on Sustainable Development Indicators; 2012. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017, from http://www.iisd.org/cgsdi/.

TALBERTH, J., COBB, C., AND SLATTERY, N. The Genuine Progress Indicator 2006 - A Tool for Sustainable Development, Oakland: Redefining Progress; 2007. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017, from www.rprogress.org

USGBC United States Green Building Council. LEED v4 for Neighborhood Development – Updated July

; 2017. [Available online], Retrieved 1 September 2017 from http://www.usgbc.org/resources/leed-v4--neighborhood-development-current-version

BREEAM, BREEAM Communites technical manual; 2012. [Available online], Retrieved 1 September

from http://www.breeam.com/bre_PrintOutput/BREEAM_Communites_0_1.pdf&ved=0ahUKEwi9jtKUoIT

WAhXsC8AKHQShC6QQFggfMAI&usg=AFQzjrtx6QCUNj529GfaY2A

. IBEC (Institute for Building Environment and Energy Conservation). CASBEE for Urban Development

Tool-21 (2007_Edition), First Edition, IBEC, Tokyo; 2008. [Available online], Retrieved 1 September 2017 from http://www.ibec.or.jp/CASBEE

Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council (AUPC). Pearl Community Rating System: Design & Construction”,

Version 1.0, AUPC; 2010. [Available online], Retrieved 1 September 2017 from www.upc.gov.ae

HPG HUMANITARIAN POLICY GROUP. City Limits: Urbanisation and Vulnerability in Sudan – Khartoum

Case Study. London: Overseas Development Institute, 1st ed.; 2011. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017 from http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/docs/6518.pdf

ELKHEIR, O. The Urban Environment of Khartoum, In: Proceedings of National Civic Forum (NCF), Rio+20Civil Society Preparatory Process, Khartoum; 2012. [Available online], Retrieved 24 August 2017 from http://ncfsudan.net/pdfs/rio (9).pdf

SAATY, T. L. Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process, Int. J. Services Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1; 2008. pp.83–98

Copyright (c) 2019 Ayman K. Abdelgadir, Omer A. Abu Elzein, Faris Hameed Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.