The Challenge of Greening the Existing Residential Buildings in the Egyptian Market Base Case

Amr Soliman ElGohary (1), Shereen Omar Khashaba (2)
(1) Lecturer, Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology, Cairo, Egypt, Egypt,
(2) Assistant lecturer, Canadian International College, Cairo, Egypt., Egypt


Existing buildings are the massive percentage of the building stock, and therefore, are the key to improving efficiency; buildings account for an enormous share of the climate change crisis, and approximately 40% of the world total energy consumption (McArthur & Jofeh, 2015). The Egyptian stock of buildings includes about 12 million buildings. 60% of these buildings are residential. The final electricity consumption of the residential buildings in 2010 was 51370 GWh and increased in 2014 to reach 62441 GWh. Thus the share of total energy consumption was 18.8% in 2010 and increased to reach 21.55% in 2014 ("Technology Roadmap - Energy efficient building envelopes.", 2013). Therefore, the residential sector plays an important role in the mitigation of energy consumption crisis, which is expected to increase. The research field and initiatives in Egypt on the green buildings and green buildings retrofits are rare and, if existing, are weakly applied. Unlike in developed countries, there is a large research on building retrofits, e.g., the Residential Property Assessed Clean Energy (R-PACE) program and the weatherization assistance program (WAP) of the department of energy (DOE). Both are examples of the incentives to green building initiatives globally. This paper discusses the challenge of greening the existing residential buildings in Egypt by demonstrating an analysis of the motives and the barriers to applying green measures in the Egyptian market. The research methodology comprises the analytical-comparative method. In the analytical part; the paper identifies the current situation of the residential sector energy consumption in Egypt, and the benefits of greening existing buildings for tenants, investors, and owners. In the comparative part, the current situation of Egypt's Green Market Business Case is compared with the international one, discussing the challenge of greening the residential buildings. The paper summarizes the opportunities to improve the building energy efficiency, incentives, and policies that are developed to address significant financial and technical awareness to building efficiency. These policies will help enable critical market actors to make decisions to promote energy efficiency in existing buildings.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Akker, J. van den. (2010). FINAL EVALUATION Energy Efficiency Improvement and

Greenhouse Gas Reduction project. Retrieved from


Bassili, G., & Emeritus, H. (2013). Energy Efficiency Building Codes and Green Pyramid Rating System. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) ISSN (Online Index Copernicus Value Impact Factor, 14(5), 2319–7064. Retrieved from

Baum, M. (2007). Green Building Research Funding: An Assessment of Current Activity in the United States | U.S. Green Building Council. United States of America. Retrieved from current-activity-united-states

Birk, C. (2007). Building a reputation - St. Louis Business Journal. St. Louis Business Journal. Retrieved from

Egyptian electricity holding company annual reports. (n.d.). Retrieved July 4, 2017, from

Freeman, R. (2016). 5 Green Building Tax Incentives for 2016 | Poplar Network. Poplar. Retrieved from

Georg, K. (2011). Example of incentive programmes for retrofits: the KfW in Germany. Retrieved from any

Green Building Information Gateway. (n.d.). Retrieved July 4, 2017, from

Green Trends Driving Growth Green Outlook 2011. (2011). McGraw-Hill Contruction. Retrieved from content/uploads/2011/06/greenoutlook2011.pdf

Kats, G., & Alevantis, L. (2003). The Costs and Financial Benefits of Green Buildings. Retrieved from

Katz, A., & Manager, C. (2011). Square Footage of LEED-Certified Existing Buildings Surpasses New Construction. Retrieved from

Langdon, D. (2007). The cost & benefit of achieving Green buildings data report, Innovative thinking in property and construction.

McArthur, J. J., & Jofeh, C. G. H. (2015). Strategic Retrofit Investment from the Portfolio to the Building Scale: A Framework for Identification and Evaluation of Potential Retrofits. Procedia Engineering, 118, 1068–1076.

Neuhoff, K., Stelmakh, K., Amecke, H., Novikova, A., Deason, J., Hobbs, A., & Initiative, C. P. (2012). Financial Incentives for Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Buildings Italy, 236–248.

Opportunities and Challenges Commission for Environmental Cooperation. (2008). Retrieved from

Retrieved from Publications/InfoData/InfoData_Green_Buildings.pdf

Technology Roadmap - Energy efficient building envelopes. [PDF]. (2013). International Energy Agency.

Yudelson, J. (2010). Greening existing buildings (first). United States of America: McGraw-Hill books.

Yudelson, J. (2016). Reinventing green building : why certification systems aren’t working and what we can do about it. New Society Publisher.


Amr Soliman ElGohary
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Shereen Omar Khashaba
ElGohary, A. S., & Khashaba, S. O. (2018). The Challenge of Greening the Existing Residential Buildings in the Egyptian Market Base Case. The Academic Research Community Publication, 2(3), 136–152.

Article Details