City Image Between Gated and Open Residential Areas

Ghaidaa Kotb

City image and self identity are two interrelated notions. Self identity, also referred to as urban related identity, is not solely derived from the physical characteristics of an urban space, but, consists of the social construction founded in the perception of individuals and groups (Lalli & Ploger, 1991). The relationship of the individual with a place is essential as place and space shape human experiences (Chen, 2012). With the trend of gated residential areas emerging in large cities such as Cairo and Alexandria in the late 90s creating a spatial discontinuity and urban fragmentation, this research is examining how open and gated urban residential areas shape place image of New Cairo’s Third Settlement residents.

Keywords

Gated residential areas; city image; New Cairo; Place Image; Open residential areas; Lynch

References

Blakely, E. J., & Snyder, M. G. (1997). Fortress America: gated communities in the United States. Brookings Institution Press.

Chen, X., Orum, A. M., & Paulsen, K. E. (2018). Introduction to cities: How place and space shape human experience. John Wiley & Sons.

El Nasser, Haya (2002): More Americans living behind the bars, USA Today, December 16

Gauch, Sarah (2000): A widening class divide in Egypt, Christian Science Monitor, May 24

Ghonimi, I., Alzamly, H., Khairy, M., & Soliman, M. (2010, September). Understanding and formulating gated communities inside Greater Cairo new towns urban fabric. In 46th ISOCARP Congress (pp. 19-23).

Lalli, M. (1992). Urban-related identity: Theory, measurement, and empirical findings. Journal of environmental psychology, 12(4), 285-303.

Landman, K. (2000). Urban future: enclosed neighborhoods.

Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city (Vol. 11). MIT press.

Metwally, M., & Abdalla, S. S. (2013) Major Trends of the Gated Communities Development in Egypt an Approach to Urban Sustainability.

Metwally, Magda et al. (2006): Evaluation of the Experience of Residential Compounds in New Urban Communities on the Outskirts of the Greater Cairo Region, National Center for Housing and Building Research (NCHBR), National Academy for Scientific Research and Technology, Egypt (in Arabic)

A., Khalifa, M. A., & Hamhaber, J. (2014) Understanding urban segregation in Cairo: The social and spatial logic of a fragmented city. In Proceedings of the 1st international conference of the CIB Middle East and North Africa Research Network” Smart, sustainable and healthy cities”, Abu Dhabi, (UAE), 14-16

December 2014. CIB Middle East and North Africa Research Network.

Nassar, A. (2013). ‘Being’in Al-Azhar Park: Public Spaces in Cairo. Open Urban Studies Journal, 6(1), 65-74.

Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A. K., & Kaminoff, R. (1983). Place-identity: Physical world socialization of the self. Journal of environmental psychology, 3(1), 57-83.

Proshansky, H. M. (1978). The city and self-identity.

Environment and behavior, 10(2), 147-169.

Roitman, S. (2004): Gated communities and the right to safety, in Report of Valladolid 2004: The Right to Security and Safety, a publication of the ‘Human Rights and the Town’ Research Group (http://www.ciu

dad-derechos.org), Rosario Del Caz et al. (eds.), Spain: School of Architecture, University of Valladolid, 187-189

Roitman, S. (2008) Urban Social Group Segregation: A Gated Community in Mendoza, Argentina. PhD thesis, University College London, London.

Roitman, S. (2009). Gated communities: definitions, causes and consequences. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning, 163(1), 31-38.

Wilson-Doenges, G. (2000). An exploration of sense of community and fear of crime in gated communities. Environment and behavior, 32(5), 597-611.

Yousry, A. M. (2010). The Privatization of Urban Development in Cairo. Lessons Learned from the Development Experience of Al Rehab Gated Community, Faculty of Urban and Regional Planning, Cairo University.

Copyright (c) 2019 The Academic Research Community publication Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.