The Transformation of using Fractal Forms between Islamic and Digital Architecture from a Sustainable Approach

Amr Elgohary
Along eras and civilizations, nature as a sustainable reference always has a great role in inspiration of the architectural form by the diversity of its vocabulary, rules, and colors…etc. Consequently, fractals as the main natural elements appeared in the achitectural morphology, since the ancient eras especially in the Islamic architecture in a various levels of forms, details, and patterns. However, nowadays the new architectural theories deal with fractals concept in a different ways depending on the deep understanding of universal and cosmic nature, also the new digital techniques in architectural design and construction that enhanced the appearance of new fractal forms. In this context, the research discusses the transformations of fractal systems, concepts and applications in architecture at the resent architectural theories, focusing on the digital architecture and how it deals with fractal forms, aiming to root the new architectural theories and link it with Islamic heritage to achieve a new Arab architecture that respects and reveals the local heritage and adapt with the latest architectural theories and techniques.


Fractal Forms; Transformation; Morphology; sustainable; Rhythm; Chaos; Architectural Software; Digital Era


Altuhafi, A. A. (2015). Application of Fractal Geometry in Islamic Architecture: An Analytical Study of Ottoman Mosques. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Research,2(1), 483.

Bovill, C., & Bovill, C. (1996). Fractal geometry in architecture and design. Boston: Birkhauser.

Burckhardt, T. (2009). Art of Islam: language and meaning. World Wisdom, Inc.

Efendi, C. (2000). Damascus(R. Al-Qasemeen & M. Ben-Hamouche, Eds.).

Falconer, K. J. (2013). Fractals: A very short introduction(Vol. 110). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fractal. Definition of fractal in English by Oxford Dictionaries. (2016). Retrieved from

Fractal. (2016). Retrieved from

Galaxy II. (2010). Retrieved from

Glenny, R. W. (2011). Emergence of matched airway and vascular trees from fractal rules. Journal of Applied Physiology,110(4), 1119-1129. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01293.2010

Introduction to Islamic Art. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Jencks, C. (2002). The new paradigm in architecture: The language of post-modernism(p. 235). Yale University Press.

Jencks, C., & Kropf, K. (Eds.). (1997). Theories and manifestoes of contemporary architecture (Vol. 312). Chichester: Academy Editions.

Rubinowicz, P. (2000). Chaos and geometric order in architecture and design. Journal for Geometry and Graphics, 4(2), 197-207.

Saoud, R. (2004, July). Introduction to Islamic Art. Retrieved from

Youngrobv. (n.d.). Esfahan - Masjed-e Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque. Retrieved from

Zarghami, E., & Milad, O. (2015). The Role of Sustainable Fractal Geometry in Islamic Architecture and

Revitalizing the Roots of it in Contemporary Architecture. Journal of Social Issues & Humanities,3(7), 282.

Copyright (c) 2019 The Academic Research Community publication Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.