Development of Urban Transportation System Based on Bus Rapid Transit

Adris Ade Putra, Muammar Makmur, Muh Arsyad
Urban transport systems in Indonesia have been influenced by kinds of traffic problems such as congestion, high accident rates and traffic violations and uncomfortable, safe, and orderly levels of public transport services. To develop urban transportation systems, a policy implementation is needed in public transportation such as special lanes for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) as one of the alternative solutions to give better services for the public transport user. The purpose of this study is to count the demand of bus rapid transit, determine the number of corridors and halt for the BRT as well as know the types of BRT which should be operated in Kendari City in accordance with the needs of public transport users. The method used in this study is the quantitative method by collecting primary and secondary data which includes OD Matrix of a destination of the population travel, Number of Passengers up and down on each route, Load factor in each route, Travel time and Road Inventory Data. Other data include Road length, Road width, Road type, the width of trotoar, width of the median, and Road Pavement type. The results of this research are that the number of demand for public transportation in Kendari City are 28 buses with 8 units in the first corridor, 6 units in the second corridor, 8 units in the third corridor, and 6 units in the fourth corridor. Indeed, the total number of corridors needed to operate of BRT in Kendari requires 174 shelters. The potential population in Kendari City is categorized on the modest development and the existing conditions of the road, which is not too large for the BRT line planned. Therefore, the possibility of increasing the number of passengers then the type of bus which may be used as a fleet of BRT at the beginning of the operation is large floor buses total capacity of 79 people consisting of 49 seated passengers and 30 passengers standing.

Keywords

Keywords: Transportation, Services, Bus Rapid Transit, Routes, Bus Stops

References

Ahmed, Q.I., Huapu, L., and Shi, Y, 2008, Urban transportation and equity: A case study of Beijing and Karachi,

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 42, pp. 125–139.

Bianco.,and Martha J., 1999, Technological Innovation and the Rise and Fall of Urban Mass Transit, Journal of Urban

History. 25 (3):348-378.

Echeverry., Juan., A. M, Ibez., Andri, S. M., dan Luis C. H., 2005, The Economics of Trans Milenio, a Mass Transit System

for Bogota, Economia. 5:151-196.

Hall, P.A., and Pfeiffer, U., 2000, Urban Future 21: a Global Agenda for Twenty-First Century Cities, London: Spon, p.21.

Holden, E., dan Norland, I.T., 2005, Three challenges for the compact city as a sustainable urban form: Household

consumption of energy and transport in eight residential areas in the Greater Oslo Region”. Urban Studies, Vol. 42, No.

, pp. 2145–2166.

IEA (International Energy Agency)., 2008, World energy outlook 2008, Paris: IEA

Kenyon, S., Lyons, G., and Rafferty, J., 2002, Transport and social exclusion: investigating the possibility of promoting

inclusion through virtual mobility, Journal of Transportation Geography, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 207–219.

Loo, B.P.Y., dan Chow, S.Y., 2006, Sustainable Urban Transportation: Concepts, Policies, and Methodologies”, Journal

of Urban Planning and Development, Vol. 132, No. 2, pp. 76–79.

Mees dan Paul., 2005, Privatization of Rail and Tram Services in Melbourne: What Went Wrong? Transport Reviews. 25

(4):433-449.

Murray., 2001, Strategic Analysis Of Public Transport Coverage, Social Economic Planning Sciences, 35,3: pp l175-188.

Morlok, E.K., 1991, Introduction to Engineering and Transport Planning, Erlangga : Jakarta.

Putra, A., 2006, Optimization of Fleet Amount and Public Transportation Tariff of Mikrolet Kota Makassar, Post Graduate

Program of Hasanuddin University. Makassar

Pucher, J., Korattyswaropam, N., Mittal, N., and Ittyerah, N, 2005, Urban transport crisis in India, Transport Policy, Vol.

, No. 3, pp. 185–198.

Schiller, P.L., Brunn, E.C., and Kenworthy, J. R., 2010, An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation: Policy, Planning

And Implementation, London: Earthscan.

UNFPA (United Nations Fund for Population Division), 1999, State of World Population: six billion, a time for choice,

United Nations Population Fund, New York.

World Bank., 1996, Sustainable Transport: Priorities for Policy Reform. The International Bank for Reconstruction and

Development/The World Bank, Washington, D.

Wright, L., Fjellstrom., 2003, Module 3b: Bus Rapid Transit, (Institute for Transportaion and Development Policy),

Germany: GTZ.

White, P.R., 1997, What Conclusions Can Be Drawn About Bus Deregulation in Britain? Transport Reviews. 17 (1):1.

Yao, X., 2007, Where Are Public Transit Needed, Examining Potential Demand For Public Transit For Commuting Trips.”

Computers, Environment, and Urban Systems. 31, 535-550.

Zietsman, J., and Rilett, L.R., 2001, Sustainable transportation: fad or fabulous”, Paper presented to the 20th Annual South

African Transport Conference, South Africa.

Copyright (c) 2018 Adris Ade Putra, Muammar Makmur, Muh Arsyad Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.