Geometric Patterns in Egyptian Architecture & Interior Design

Heba-Talla Hamdy Mahmoud

This study will examine the role of geometric patterns in selected examples of Egyptian architecture, interior architecture and art. Ancient Egyptian, Coptic, and Islamic periods are the selected historical ages from Egyptian heritage due to the abundance of different works and styles with geometric pattern characteristics during their periods. In addition to the historical periods, the study will demonstrate some selected models from Egyptian contemporary architecture and arts. These models include architectural projects, traditional craft products and artistic works with geometrical characteristics. The study aims, through the extracted information, to increase the awareness about the effective role of geometric patterns as an architectural and artistic capability and to clarify the degree of freedom, flexibility and functionality as an inherent feature through demonstrating the different practices, styles and materials.


Geometric; Pattern ; Sample; Ancient Egyptian; coptic; ;Christian; Islamic; Project ; Contemporary; Craft.


Petrie, W. M. Flinders 1853-1942. (1920). Egyptian decorative art. 2d ed. London: Methuen & co.

Hopkins, H. P. (1886 - 1959). Henry Powell Hopkins papers.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston & Smith, William Stevenson (1960). Ancient Egypt as represented in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (6th ed., fully rev). The Museum, Boston.

David WD., (1976), Pattern in Islamic Art. 1st.ed. Vista: Overlook Press and Studio.

Strunk Jr W, White EB. (1976), The elements of style. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan.

CORZO, M. A., & AFSHAR, M. (1986 - 1992). Art and Entertainment[PDF]. The Getty Conservation Institute.

Killen, G. (1994). Egyptian WoodVTorking and Furniture[PDF]. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data.

Bard, K. A. (2005). Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

D’Avennes , E. P. (2007). Islamic Art in Cairo.

Pottmann, H., & Bentley, D. (2007). Architectural geometry (1st ed.). Exton, Pa: Bentley Institute Press.

Fukushima C, Hens M, Turchinsky M. (2004), Islamic Art and Geometric Design. 1st ed. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Sarfraz M. Geometric Modeling Techniques, Application, System and Tools. 1st ed. Norwell: Kluwer publisher; 2004

Sadikoglu P. (2007), Ancient Egyptian Art. 1st.ed. Istanbul. Boyut Yavin Grubu.

Broug, E. (2008). Islamic geometric patterns. London: Thames & Hudson.

Hessian M. (2010) Islamic Ceramics in Egypt. 1st ed. Cairo: Dar Ghareeb for Printing Pup. &Dist.

El-Akkad T. (2013), The Aesthetics of Islamic Architecture & the Exuberance of Mamluk Design. 1st ed Barcelona. University of Catalonia

Mahmoud AA. (2014), Al Sinnari houses. 1st ed. Alexandria: Bibliotheca Alexandria.

Piccione, P. A. (1980). In Search of the Meaning of Senet [PDF].

Hoskins, N. A. (1986). The Tapestries of Coptic Egypt[PDF]. ARS TEXTRINA.

Sehnaz CS, Cagdas G. (2007), A Shape Grammar Study:Form Generation with Geometric Islamic Patterns [PDF]. Istanbul: 10th Generative Art Conference GA.

Pottman, H., Asperl, A., Hofer, M., Kilian, A., & Bentley, D. (2007). Architectural geometry (Vol. 724). Exton: Bentley Institute Press.

Shabout, N. M. (2010). The Arabic Connection in Articulating North African Modernity in Art. South Atlantic Quarterly, 109(3), 529-543. 23.

Embi MR, Abdullahi Y. (2012), Evolution of Islamic Geometrical Patterns. GJAT Global Journal Al-Thaqafah.

Loai M. Geometric proportions: (2012), The underlying structure of design process for Islamic geometric patterns. Frontiers of Architectural Research: 1:P381.

Ramzy N. (2012), The impact of local environment aspects on Coptic architecture in Egypt. Alexandria University Engineering Journal: 51; 325–341.

Behnam G, Atefeh F, Ali T. (2013), Symbols and Signs in Islamic Architecture. European Review of Artistic Studies: 4: 73.

Sidawi B. (2013), Understanding the vocabulary of the Islamic architectural heritage. GBER Global Built Environment Review 8:26 – 39.

Doris B. (1989), Islamic Architecture of Cairo . 1st ed. Leiden: brill publishers.

Slyke V. (1991), Tools and Applications. 1st ed. New York: The Free Press.

Touny G. (1992), Hand Book of Islamic Ornament. 1st ed. Bern: Egyptian Documentation &Information Center.

Olaf EK. (2000), Atlas of Egyptian Art. 2d ed. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press

Copyright (c) 2017 Heba-Talla Hamdy Mahmoud Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.