The Far Morocco Idrisid Arts and their role in enriching the plaster wall processing in the southwest Saudi Arabian kingdom in the century (14th AH/ 20th AD)

Eman Aref (1)
(1) Lecturer, Art History Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University, Egypt, Egypt


Studying the methods of plaster wall decorations is considered one of the complementary elements of the architectural vocabulary that reflects the cultural and ideological heritage identy of the time period. Wall decoration has broken the barrier of time and place,  and the political and doctrinal differences, expressing in an abstract way the truth about the beilefs of both the Far Morocco Idrisid and Sebia Idrisid in kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where they did not use any symbol or sign that demonstrates their belonging to Shi'i Muslims, so-most probably- they belong to Sunni Muslims. This study aims to track the foundation phases of Idrisid state in Far Morocco during the century (2-4THA.H/8-10TH A.D) and its extension to the east in the Tihama Asir region during the century (14THAH/20THAD). The research problem lies in trying to detect the link and the nature of the relationship between the two states despite their differences in time and place through studying the natural strategic crossings, as well as the political circumstances that contributed in the transfer of the  influences of Far Morocco Arts to Sebia region  in the southwest of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which contributed in enriching the plaster decorative arts of the facades of the Idriss Ashraaf's palaces, and their  merging with the local artistic nature of Najd, Yemen. This study has revealed- through following the analytical descriptive method- the emergence of some influnces coming from the countries of East Asia and India and the countries of the African continent  due to  Sebia's geographical location as a port on the Red Sea and its presence on both the coastal trade way and caravans.

Full text article

Generated from XML file


Ismail, Osman Osman: 1992, History of Islamic Architecture and Applied Arts in the Far East, Islamic Civilization Series, First Edition.

Al-Tha'albi, Abd al-'Azzi: 1990, North African History from the Islamic Conquest to the End of the Majority State, Second Edition, Beirut-Lebanon, Dar al-Gharb al-Islami.

Al-Aqili, Mohammed bin Ahmed, 1982, Al-Makhlaf Sulaimani, Dar al-Yamamah Publications, Riyadh, I, c.

Al-Omari: Shahab al-Din Ahmed bin Fadl, 1972, Pathways of sight in the kingdoms of Amasar, investigation: Ayman Fouad Sayed, Dar Al-Aitasam, Cairo.

Al-Maddah, Amira Ali, 2007, Al-Makhlaf Sulaimani under the rule of Al-Adarsa and King Abdul Aziz's efforts to annex the Makhlaf to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Jazan region), Cairo, i.

Marzouk, Ali Abdulla: 2010, book (art of decoration of traditional architecture in Aseer, art and aesthetic study), series of archaeological studies, No. 8, the Saudi Commission for Tourism and Archeology (Archeology and Museums), Saudi Arabia.

Abdullah bin Mesfer, 1978, Al-Siraj Al-Munir in the biography of Amara Asir, 1, Al-Resala Foundation, Syria.

Abdullah Saad Al-Rashed and Dr. Mohammed Al-Thunayan et al., (1421/2001)"An Initial Report on the Survey of the Old Commercial Road: The High Yemeni Pilgrimage Road - Al-Najdi - Season Two", an article in the Yearbook of Ruins, Saudi Arabian Antiquities Yearbook, General Department of Antiquities and Museums, Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia. , Sixth issue, tenth, Riyadh: pp. 106.

Al-Omair, A. (2007). Traditional Architecture in Najd. Riyadh: Issued by the Saudi Society for

Ali Ali Hassan Al-Amayra (Research entitled: Elements of Composition and Visual Evaluation in Architecture) in Tishreen University Journal for Studies and Scientific Research (Engineering Sciences Series) Vol. (16) No. (2) for 1994, Page / 111 – 73.

Archaeological Studies, (4), 152–155.

Baldari, John, 1980, Foreign Powers and Privileges in the Emirate of Idrissi, Center for Gulf Studies, i.

College of Educational Sciences, (5).

Dabouz, M. (2010). History of the Maghreb (First Edition). The Foundation of Tawa Latt.

Dulaimi, L., & Al-Obeidi, I. (n.d.). the cultural data exchanged between Iraq and Andalusia. Emirates

Ebin Saleh. Mohammed Abdullah, 2001. The decline vs the rise of architectural and urban forms in the Vernacular villages of southwest Saudi Arabia, College of Architecture and Planning, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Journal, Building and Environment. N.36. pp. 89-107

Fletcher, B., Cruickshank, D., 1996. History of Architecture, 20th ed. Architectural Press.

Hassan, M. (n.d.). Sherif Idrisi (the most famous geographic Arabs and Islam). The General Authority for

Hassan, Mohamed Abdel Ghani: 1971, Sherif Idrisi (the most famous geographical Arabs and Islam), the series of Arab flags, number 97, the General Authority for Publishing and Publishing.

Hogarth, David Geory. 1921. A history of Arabia, Oxford University Press, London.

Ismail, O. (1992). History of Islamic Architecture and Applied Arts in Morocco (First Edition).

Khalid Abdul Aziz Al-Dayel, n.d., "The Historical Report on the Excavations of Domat Al-Jandal in the Season 1405-1985". pp. 80-81.

Kunl, Ernst: 1966, Islamic Art, translated by Dr. Ahmed Issa, second edition.

Malkawi, Hanan Sulaiman: 1977, Relations between the Principals of Adarsa in Asir and the Supervision of Mecca, 1908-1925, Publications of the Committee of the History of Jordan, Edition 1.

Malkawi, Hannan S. 2011, Abd al-Azeez of the Addaressah in Tuhama Other (1920-1934), Jordan Journal of Social Sciences (JJSS), N. 38, Ed.1

Massoud Al-Maeed, article at the conclusion of the Hilla Al-Omran Project in a broad international and local presence, "Ancient Asir Homes Inspires Photographers and Designers", Al Watan Online, Asir Printing and Publishing, Saudi Arabia, 22/2/2012.

Mawns, H. (n.d.). 2000AD, Landmarks of the History of Morocco and Andalusia (Vol. 5). Cairo: Al-Rashed.

Old, Clive Leather. 1983. The Britain of Saudi a 1925-1939, First Edition.

Publishing, (97).


Eman Aref
[email protected] (Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Eman Aref, Lecturer, Art History Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University, Egypt

Lecturer in Art History Department – Faculty of Fine Arts – Helwan University

Aref, E. (2017). The Far Morocco Idrisid Arts and their role in enriching the plaster wall processing in the southwest Saudi Arabian kingdom in the century (14th AH/ 20th AD). The Academic Research Community Publication, 1(1), 13.

Article Details

Received 2017-09-13
Accepted 2017-09-13
Published 2017-09-18