Egypt is defined as an agricultural country where its people put all produced crops to use, whether as food or clothing. An agricultural waste like straw, palm fronds, leaves and others are used in building and interior designing; they’re part of an individual’s lifestyle and culture. As time passed, all of this changed given that local agricultural materials were replaced with technology and new building materials. Farmers became uninterested in what happened to this waste that was burned as a means of disposal, this process has direct effects on public health and the environment.This research examines the problem of palm fronds (agricultural materials) as a wasted renewable source in Egypt. It will attempt to find methods to link these materials with Egyptian handicrafts using new treatments in manufacturing with the cradle to cradle idea to produce compressed panels, wallpapers and other objects used in interior design. This research is important because it aims to find sustainable environmental materials with modern designs using agricultural waste.
Full text article
Agoudjila,B.J.,Benchabaneb,A.,Boudennec,A.,Ibosc,L.,Foisc,M, 2010. Renewable materials to reduce building heat loss: Characterization of date palm wood. February–March 2011, Elsevier.
Agricultural Production, FAO, 1995.
AWRU (2005) Agricultural Waste in Egypt, Agricultural Waste Recycling Unit (AWRU), Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs (MSEA), Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA). Cairo, Egypt
Crops for Sustainable Enterprise, 2000. Design for Sustainable Development. The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin, Ireland.
El-Deeb HM, Lashin SM, Arab YA (2007) Distribution and pathogenesis of date palm fungi in Egypt. Acta Hort 736:421–429
El-Mously, H.I. 2005. The Palm Fibres for the Reinforcement of Polymer Composites: Prospects and Challenges, A paper presented to the First Ain Shams International Conference on Environmental Engineering, Egypt.
El-Mously, H.I., 2001. The industrial use of the date palm residues: an eloquent example of sustainable development. 2nd Inter. Conf. on Date Palms, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates Univ., pp. 872-879.
El-Mously, H.I., 2003. The Date Palm as a Basis for Environment-Friendly Industries Beginning from the Rural Areas. The International Palm Conference, held in the King Saud University (El-Quaseem Branch).
El-Mously, H.I.,1996 Achievements-to-Date and Future Prospects of Research on Use of Date Palm Leaves’ Midribs as a Substitute for Sawn Wood. Conf., Challenges of Sustainable Dev. Organized by INES, Amsterdam.
GHOSH S. K. ; NAG D. ; NAYAK L. K., 2009. Composite particle boards from Date-Palm Leaves - A viable substitute of wood/plywood products, Journal of the Indian Chemical Society A. vol. 86, n° 8, pp. 857-862 .
Schwab. A.,2008. – Sustainability in Commercial building, Building Materials &Technology Congress, Kuwait.
Taha,I., Steuernagel,L., Ziegmann.G., 2007. Optimization of the alkali treatment process of date palm fibres for polymeric composites Compos Interf, Germany, pp. 669–684.
The Egyptian Association for self-development of the communities for Local.2004. Palm as a source of industrial raw materials and construction materials, Egypt. p. 7.
Vogtländer. J.G., Hendriks. Ch. F., Brezet. J.C., 2001. Allocation in recycle systems: an integrated model for the analyses of environmental impact and economic value. p 344–355.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution: other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
With the understanding that the above condition can be waived with permission from the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by the license.
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a pre-publication manuscript (but not the Publisher's final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- The Work is the Author's original work;
- The Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- The Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- The Work has not previously been published;
- The Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- The Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author's breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 7 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.