Cities evolve and grow rapidly in a manner that is unprecedented throughout their long history. This great acceleration and growth is governed by many overlapping and intersecting factors (Economical, Social, Political, etc.), the process of identifying the city's character or identity is no longer an easy task. This appears more clearly in historic cities and historic areas that in most cases contrast with the civilizational, cultural and urban extension of the mother city. This therefore justifies the importance of polyphonic and edificial aesthetic works as they are elements of consistency and solidity of urbanism. Cities and their various components (facilities & planning, objectives & economics, construction & architecture) have witnessed a new turn and were influenced by many factors. These factors and their results should therefore be identified in order to understand how they reflect on cities and how artistic and aesthetic works reflect on the form and identity of cities.
Urban Character – Statues in City Square – City Planning – Landmark - Theatrical works – Identity - Heritage
Amira Matar-The scince of beauty and philosophy of art (Cairo: Gharib printing house. T3, 1998) Page 117.
Bassem Fadel: The Effects of Modernization and Technological Development on the Relationship between Relief Sculpting and Architecture in the Twentieth Century. Ph.D thesis-Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo-2004) Page310.
Details: History of the Emergence of Cities and Civilizations.
History of the World: by a number of authors. Collected by Sir John A. Hammerton. Chapter1 Pages 433-460 & Chapter2 Pages 418-427. (In the translated Arabic version) by The Ministry of Public Knowledge (Cairo: En-Nahada El-Masriya Library).
Jabra Ibrahim Jabra: Jawad Saleem and The Freedom monument (Baghdad: Ministry of Information, 1972) Pages 15-38.
Please refer to the following sites to understand the public stance towards these works:
Sa'd Zaghlool Abdulhameed: Arts and Architecture in the State of Islam. (Alexandria: Knowledge Institution) Passim.