IEREK press adheres to set ethical standards for publication to ensure high-quality scientific publications to ensure the dissemination of credible content and properly credit researchers/authors for their work.
The ESSD journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) www.publicationethics.org
All submitted manuscripts will enter a rigorous, and anonymous, peer review process and are expected to meet specifically set out standards for approval by the journal editors.
Submissions that do not follow publication ethics and/or possess serious ethical, security and societal implications will be investigated by consulted experts and may be (a) declined/ no longer considered (b) decline submissions for 1-5 years/ probation (c) prohibit roles of editors/reviewers.
a-Cases of Redundant Publication
Suspected redundant publication in a submitted manuscript: If a submitted manuscript is found to have been published previously during the similarity/cross-check screening process, the reviewer is expected to inform the editor. The editor will then carry out an investigation using evidence and consider the extent of redundancy. Major Redundancy cases, where identical/similar findings are found, will be dealt with by contacting the corresponding author, other authors, requesting an explanation. If explanation is unsatisfactory, submission will be rejected and author/reviewer informed. If the authors are not responsive, author’s institution will be contacted and concern shared. Minor Overlap will be followed by correspondences to author in neutral terms and modification requests until a review/decision has been made.
Suspected redundant publication in a published manuscript: if concern is expressed to editor by a reader, nature of redundancy will be investigated and the steps explained above based on minor/major overlap detected. If found guilty, a publishing statement of redundant publication/retraction will be made and editor of other journal, author, and reader informed.
One of the most common and frequently occurring types of misconduct
cases is plagiarism.
Plagiarism is defined as the use of others’ work as if it were the
author’s own and without
any sort of acknowledgement or reference to the original work or owner.
Referring to work
that is not the author’s own must be:
Plagiarism takes different forms, and they include direct copying without the use of quotation marks around copied text, substantial copying such as the inclusion of tables, materials and concepts that are not cited, and similarly paraphrasing someone else’s work without crediting it. Another common type of plagiarism is self-plagiarism or Text-recycling. Self-plagiarism is the redundant use of the author’s own work or the integration of an author’s own previous work into an entirely new paper as a reproduction. Most authors assume that self-plagiarism is acceptable as long as the work is his/her own. However, in such cases, proper use of quotation marks and citation of previously discussed/published work is still required.
IEREK Press uses iThenticate to screen for plagiarism entering the peer-review process. Detection of plagiarism, and any of its types mentioned above, will be investigated thoroughly by the editor of the journal. If the assertions are found to be of truth, the author will be contacted for an explanation. In the case of an unsatisfactory submission, the author and his/her corresponding authors will be banned from submitting to the journal in the future. In case no response is back from author, the author’s institution will be contacted for concern to be passed to the author’s superior and/or person responsible for research governance. If still no response is back, the institution will be contacted every 3-6 months. If no resolution yet, authorities such as Office of Research Integrity in US will be contacted.
Suspected fabricated data in a submitted manuscript: If the reviewer suspects fabricated data is present in the paper, we will ask for evidence, and take a 2nd reviewer’s opinion. The author will be contacted for explanation. If the author replies with a satisfactory explanation, we proceed with the review process. If the author replies with an unsatisfactory answer or admits guilt, the author’s institution(s) are contacted requesting an investigation. If the author is cleared, we proceed with the peer review and inform reviewer of the outcome. If the author is found guilt, we reject the paper and inform reviewer of the outcome. In case the author does not reply in the first place, the institution(s) will be contacted for concern to be passed to the author’s superior and/or person responsible for research governance. Still if no response is back, regulatory bodies will be requested for an enquiry.
Suspected fabricated data in a published manuscript: In the case the reader suspects fabricated data is present in a published paper, two of the reviewers’ opinions are taken. The author is then contacted for explanation. If the author replies with a satisfactory explanation, a correction will be published if necessary, and reader will be informed with the outcome. If author admits guilt, the author’s institution(s) are contacted requesting an investigation. In this case, if the author is not found guilty, the reader is informed about the outcome, and if the author is found guilty of fabrication, a retraction will be published, and reader will be informed. If the institutions do not provide a response or an unsatisfactory response, regulatory bodies will be requested for an enquiry, or an expression of concern will be published, and the reader is informed. In the case the author does not reply in the first place, the institution(s) will be contacted for concern to be passed to the author’s superior and/or person responsible for research governance. If still no response is back, regulatory bodies are requested for an enquiry, and then checks if the author is guilty or not, following the fore mentioned process.
d-Authorship and Contributor-ship
Authors or co-authors should only be listed in the study submitted if they made a significant contribution to the manuscript. In other words, authors should avoid “gift” or “ghost” authorship; the addition of an individual to the list of authors without having contributed in any way to the writing of the study. That being said, an author, alongside co-authors involved, shares the responsibility for the content and results of the submitted article. Co- authors, specifically, must have contributed the work reported by: having taken part in the research concept/design, written/revised the work, and agreed on the journal where the article is submitted. If the article has been found to breach the codes of conduct, responsibility will then be equally shared by the named authors and corresponding authors. If needed, authors will be asked to provide detail(s) of individual contribution. In the case that listed author does not meet authorship criteria, suggestion to remove guest/gift authorship will be made and agreements changed accordingly.
e-Changes in authorship
Before the submission of a manuscript, the author and corresponding authors of the article are expected to be in agreement and provide definitive information accordingly. Changes in the authorship of a submitted article are acceptable ONLY before its publication and upon the approval of the Journal Editor(s). For changes to be considered:
f-Conflict of Interest
In case there are any relationships that could present some kind of conflict of interest, the author is obliged to disclose this information in full. Any financial relationship or any other kind that could be recognized as influencing an author’s objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest.
As part of the journal submission requirements, and during the process of an author’s submission of his/her article, they will be asked to provide ticks for statements that apply. The statement(s) are designed to ensure that all there is no financial or personal interest that could affect their impartiality. If otherwise, authors are expected to contact the editor stating the source and nature of the potential conflict. Any detection of conflict of interest will be met with a request to amend, and announce if article is already published, competing interest statement(s).